UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number: 000-55463

 

IEG Holdings Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Florida   90-1069184
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

6160 West Tropicana Ave, Suite E-13    
Las Vegas, Nevada   89103
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(702) 227-5626

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act: Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

[X] Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [X]
   
Non-accelerated filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [  ]
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

 

As of June 30, 2016, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $63,119,378 based on the last reported sale price of our common stock on the OTCQX, which was $24.00 per share on June 30, 2016.

 

As of March 6, 2017, there were 9,714,186 shares of the registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

None.

 

 

 

 
 

 

Table of Contents

 

    Page
PART I    
     
Item 1. Business 4
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 14
     
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 24
     
Item 2. Properties 24
     
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 25
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 25
     
PART II    
     
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 25
     
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 29
     
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 30
     
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 36
     
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 36
     
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures 37
     
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 37
     
Item 9B. Other Information 38
     
PART III    
     
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 38
     
Item 11. Executive Compensation 40
     
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 41
     
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 44
     
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 44
     
PART IV    
     
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 45
     
  Signatures 48

 

2
 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This annual report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). The Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This annual report on Form 10-K and other written and oral statements that we make from time to time contain such forward-looking statements that set out anticipated results based on management’s plans and assumptions regarding future events or performance. We have tried, wherever possible, to identify such statements by using words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “will” and similar expressions in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions, future performance or results of current and anticipated sales efforts, expenses, the outcome of contingencies, such as legal proceedings, and financial results. Factors that could cause our actual results of operations and financial condition to differ materially are discussed in greater detail under Item 1A - “Risk Factors” of this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

We caution that the factors described herein and other factors could cause our actual results of operations and financial condition to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements we make and that investors should not place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of such factors. Further, we cannot assess the impact of each such factor on our results of operations or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

3
 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Business Overview

 

We provide unsecured online consumer loans under the brand name “Mr. Amazing Loans” via our website and online application portal at www.mramazingloans.com. We started our business and opened our first office in Las Vegas, Nevada in 2010. We currently offer $5,000 and $10,000 unsecured consumer loans that mature in five years. We are currently licensed and originating direct consumer loans in 19 states – Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia. We provide loans to residents of these states through our online application portal, with all loans originated, processed and serviced out of our centralized Las Vegas head office, which eliminates the need for physical offices in all of these states.

 

Our strategy is to address the market needs of underbanked consumers that tend to be ignored by mainstream institutional credit providers such as banks and credit unions, and charged excessive fees and interest by fringe lenders such as payday lenders. In the current global environment, we believe there is a substantial need and opportunity for the small personal loans we offer.

 

All of our personal loans are offered at prevailing statutory rates with fixed affordable repayments and no prepayment penalties. We conduct full underwriting on all applications including credit checks and review of bank statements to ensure customers have capacity to repay their loans, and have designed our loans to help customers reach a stronger financial position.

 

We plan to continue expanding our state coverage in 2017 by obtaining state lending licenses in six additional states, increasing our coverage to 25 states and approximately 240 million people. As soon as we receive new state licenses we will add to our existing online marketing and distribution channels which we expect will generate immediate business at a customer acquisition cost within our desired budget.

 

Recent Developments

 

On January 5, 2017, we commenced a tender offer to purchase up to all outstanding shares of common stock of OneMain Holdings Inc., a NYSE-listed company; provided, however, that we are willing to accept any number of shares of OneMain common stock, even if such shares, in the aggregate, constitute less than a majority of OneMain’s outstanding common stock (the “OneMain Tender Offer”). The OneMain Tender Offer was scheduled to expire at 12:00 a.m., Eastern time, on February 6, 2017, unless extended. On February 7, 2017, we extended the OneMain Tender Offer such that it will expire at 5:00 p.m., Eastern time, on Monday, March 27, 2017, unless it is extended or earlier terminated. Complete terms and conditions of the OneMain Tender Offer are set forth in the Tender Offer Statement on Schedule TO and in the registration statement on Form S-4, each of which we originally filed with the SEC on January 5, 2017, and each of which as may be amended. This description and other information in this annual report on Form 10-K regarding the OneMain Tender Offer is included in this annual report on Form 10-K solely for informational purposes. Nothing in this annual report on Form 10-K should be construed as an offer to sell, nor the solicitation of an offer to buy, any shares in connection with the OneMain Tender Offer.

 

In January 2017, our Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program authorizing the open market repurchase of up to $2,000,000 of our common stock. Purchases under the program are authorized through December 31, 2017. No shares will be repurchased under the program until the OneMain Tender Offer has closed or has been terminated.

 

In December 2016, we launched a private offering of up to $10 million aggregate principal amount of our 12% senior unsecured notes due December 31, 2026 (the “Notes”), on a self-underwritten basis. As of March 3, 2016, no Notes have been sold. There can be no assurance that the private offering of Notes will be completed. We intend to use the net proceeds of the offering to increase the size of our loan book. This description and other information in this annual report on Form 10-K regarding the Notes offering is included in this annual report on Form 10-K solely for informational purposes. Nothing in this annual report on Form 10-K should be construed as an offer to sell, nor the solicitation of an offer to buy, any Notes.

 

Market

 

We provide unsecured online consumer loans under the brand name “Mr. Amazing Loans” via our website and online application portal at www.mramazingloans.com. We started our business and opened our first office in Las Vegas, Nevada in 2010. We currently offer $5,000 and $10,000 unsecured consumer loans that mature in five years. We are currently licensed and originating direct consumer loans in 19 states – Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia. We provide loans to residents of these states through our online application portal, with all loans originated, processed and serviced out of our centralized Las Vegas head office, which eliminates the need for physical offices in all of these states.

 

4
 

 

Our strategy is to address the funding needs of “under-banked” consumers that tend to be ignored by mainstream institutional credit providers such as traditional banks and credit unions, and charged high advanced fees and interest by fringe lenders such as payday lenders. In the current economic environment, we believe there is a substantial need for the small personal loans that we offer.

 

All of our personal loans are offered at less than prevailing maximum statutory rates with fixed repayments and no prepayment penalties. We conduct full underwriting on all applications, including credit checks and review of bank statements to ensure customers have the capacity to repay their loans.

 

We plan to continue expanding our state coverage by obtaining state lending licenses in an additional six states, increasing our coverage to 25 states in 2017. As soon as we receive new state licenses, we are prepared to re-focus our existing online marketing and distribution channel resources to those states, which we expect will continue to lower our average customer acquisition cost.

 

We have a history of reporting recurring losses and have not generated positive net cash flows from operations. For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, we generated revenue of $2,135,046 and $1,835,165, respectively, and had net losses of $4,728,869 and $5,698,198, respectively.

 

We were organized as a Florida corporation on January 21, 1999, originally under the name Interact Technologies, Inc. In February 2013, we changed our name to IEG Holdings Corporation. We have two wholly-owned subsidiaries, IEC, our U.S. operating entity that holds all of our state licenses, leases, employee contracts and other operating and administrative assets, and IEC SPV, a bankruptcy remote special purpose entity that holds our U.S. loan receivables.

 

Market

 

We operate in the consumer finance industry serving the large and growing population of consumers who have limited access to credit from banks, credit card companies and other lenders. According to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 7.7% (1 in 13) of households in the United States were unbanked in 2013. This proportion represented nearly 9.6 million households. According to the Center for Financial Services December 2015 report, the rapid rise of short term credit, which grew 37% from 2012 to 2014, while single payment credit grew only 0.1% over the same period, is starkly apparent. With anticipated regulatory changes likely to alter the feasibility of offering loans due in one lump sum, many companies are investing more heavily in installment-based credit products, while new players are seeking to upend the economics of small-dollar loans through online channels and alternative underwriting. The strong marketing and new account approval rates of subprime credit cards have also provided consumers with increased access to funds available on a short-term basis. Together, these shifts in the consumer lending industry suggest that total revenue for short term credit products, sized at $29 billion in 2014, will soon outpace that of single payment credit products, sized at $38 billion for the same year. In fact, short term credit products already generate nearly twice as much annual revenue as single payment credit products.

 

Installment lending to non-prime consumers is one of the most highly fragmented sectors of the consumer finance industry. We are a state-licensed Internet-based personal loan company serving in the consumer installment lending industry. Our online lending platform provides the distribution network to efficiently address this growing market of consumers without the significant costs and overhead associated with an extensive branch network. We believe we are well positioned to capitalize on the significant growth and expansion opportunity created by the continued shift of consumers to online services, such as online banking and in our case online personal loans.

 

We are currently licensed and providing loans online to residents of Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia, with plans to continue to expand across the United States by acquiring additional state lending licenses. The following is a breakdown of our cumulative loan origination amounts in each licensed state for our current active loan portfolio as at December 31, 2016:

 

State 

Origination

Volume ($)

  

Current

Principal ($)

   Number of
Loans
 
Alabama   115,000    89,203    18 
Arizona   807,000    307,766    99 
California   995,000    779,210    163 
Florida   2,260,000    1,073,758    278 
Georgia   1,433,023    800,393    177 
Illinois   1,761,000    936,025    212 
Kentucky   15,000    14,426    3 
Louisiana   15,000    12,839    3 
Maryland (1)   0    0    0 
Missouri   413,000    254,103    59 
Nevada   1,708,000    663,594    175 
New Jersey   1,607,000    843,708    196 
New Mexico   35,000    27,056    6 
Ohio (2)   0    0    0 
Oregon   290,000    163,429    37 
Pennsylvania   810,000    562,073    117 
Texas   740,000    347,538    91 
Utah   75,000    49,829    11 
Virginia   1,030,000    599,398    137 

 

  (1) Maryland was added as a licensed state in October 2016.
  (2) Ohio was added as a licensed state in December 2016.

 

5
 

 

Business Strategy

 

Our business strategy is to lower the cost of providing consumer loans by leveraging our online lending platform and distribution network, while continuing to obtain additional state licenses to enable further loan book growth and portfolio diversification. Our strategy includes a number of key elements:

 

  State-Licensed Model: Our state-licensed business model is a key element of our business strategy. We are currently licensed in Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia and plan to continue expanding across the United States by acquiring additional state lending licenses.
     
  Online Distribution: We launched online lending in March 2013 and commenced online advertising in July 2013. Upon fulfillment of state regulatory requirements, we received approval from regulators in Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia to operate solely online in these states. This allows us to fully service all 19 states from our centralized Las Vegas headquarters, which we believe is a key competitive advantage over brick and mortar lenders.
     
  Cost-Effective Customer Acquisition: Our customer acquisition costs have been reduced since we launched online lending and marketing.
     
  Continue to Grow Loan Book: Total cumulative loan originations as of December 31, 2016 have increased 154% to $14,109,023 since our January 1, 2015 total of $5,549,023. This growth in lending is attributable to launching online lending and joint venturing with a number of new marketing partners, however, such past growth is not necessarily indicative or predictive of our future results of operation. We also plan to obtain an additional six state lending licenses in 2017.
     
  Strategic Acquisitions: We have reviewed, and continue to review, opportunities to expand our business through acquisition or merger in the consumer finance sector. We are pursuing opportunities that provide synergies with our existing business and specifically target potential acquisitions that are significantly accretive to net asset value and/or provide significant revenue growth opportunities via a minority or majority shareholding.

 

Competitive Strengths

 

We believe our competitive strengths are:

 

  Large Market and Scope for Growth: Large personal and payday loan market in the United States presents opportunity for significant growth and expansion.
     
  Regulation: We are materially compliant with state lending licenses in Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia, and are well positioned for current and future regulatory changes due to ongoing compliance and conservative business model.
     
  Customer Proposition: Our unsecured $5,000 and $10,000 installment loans are all offered over five years and feature affordable weekly repayments. Rates range from 19.9% - 29.9% APR which make us a low cost alternative to payday loans which have an average APR of over 400%.

 

6
 

 

  Online Distribution: Special approval has been granted by the Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and Virginia regulators to operate our business without a physical office location in each state. As a result, we have closed offices in Arizona, Illinois and Florida and moved to full online loan distribution, enabling us to offer loans to residents in all 19 of our licensed states from our Las Vegas headquarters. We plan to apply for the same regulatory approval for six additional states in 2017.
     
   Customer Acquisition: We launched online advertising in July 2013 with positive results from search engine cost per click advertising and online lead generation. In addition, we engaged a number of new marketing partners in 2014, 2015 and 2016, including online lead generators and direct mail. All of these avenues provide opportunities for strong growth at low customer acquisition costs.
     
  Barriers to Entry: We believe that state licensure acts as a barrier to entry into our segment of the consumer loan market. We are strongly positioned with approval to operate under 19 state licenses from one centralized head office.

 

Products

 

We currently provide $5,000 and $10,000 online consumer loans unsecured over a five-year term with rates ranging from 19.9% to 29.9% annual percentage rate. Our current loan portfolio also includes loans remaining from our previous product offerings which were $2,000 to $10,000 loans unsecured over a three- to five-year term at 18.0% to 29.9%.

 

Our personal loan products are fully amortizing, fixed rate, unsecured installment loans and all loans are offered at prevailing statutory rates, with our standard loan product being a 29.9% interest rate and annual percentage rate, fully amortizing, five-year unsecured personal loan. The variations from this standard loan product in certain states is due to individual state requirements and to comply with our state lending licenses; for example, Florida requires a blended rate which caps the maximum rate on a $5,000 loan at 24%.

 

The following is a breakdown of loan terms and interest rates for each currently licensed state:

 

State  IEG Holdings’ APR for $5,000
Loans
   Maximum Permitted Rate for $5,000 Loans   IEG Holdings’ APR for $10,000 Loans   Maximum Permitted Rate for $10,000 Loans 
Alabama   29.90%   36.00%(1)   29.90%   36.00%(1)
Arizona   24.90%   24.90%   23.90%   23.90%
California   29.90%   36.00%   29.90%   36.00%
Florida   23.90%   24.00%   19.90%   21.00%
Georgia   29.90%   30.00%   29.90%   30.00%
Illinois   29.90%   36.00%   29.90%   36.00%
Kentucky   29.90%   30.00%   29.90%   30.00%
Louisiana   28.90%   28.90%   25.50%   25.50%
Maryland   24.00%   24.00%   24.00%   24.00%
Missouri   29.90%   30.00%   29.90%   29.90%
Nevada   29.90%   36.00%(1)   29.90%   36.00%(1)
New Jersey   29.90%   30.00%   29.90%   30.00%
New Mexico   29.90%   36.00%(1)   29.90%   36.00%(1)
Ohio   25.00%   25.00%   (2)   (2)
Oregon   29.90%   36.00%   29.90%   36.00%
Pennsylvania   29.90%   30.00%   29.90%   30.00%
Texas   28.86%   28.86%   25.84%   25.84%
Utah   29.90%   36.00%(1)   29.90%   36.00%(1)
Virginia   29.90%   30.00%   29.90%   30.00%

 

(1) There is no rate limit in this jurisdiction. However, in order to comply with the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, the maximum APR is 36.0%.
(2) We do not offer $10,000 loans in Ohio.

 

7
 

 

The following is an illustrative profile of our personal loans:

 

  Loan Product - $5,000 and $10,000 loans
    - 5 years
    - 28.9% average APR
    - Fixed rate, fully amortizing
    - No hidden or additional fees
    - No prepayment penalties

 

  Loan Purpose Loans available for any purpose. Common uses include:

 

    - Debt consolidation
    - Medical expenses
    - Home improvements
    - Auto repairs
    - Major purchase
    - Discretionary spending
       
  Average Borrower Demographic - 600 - 750 credit score
    - $40,000 - $100,000 income
    - 25 - 60 years old

 

We commenced originating personal loans online in July 2013. Prior to that, we provided loans to customers via our office network, which comprised one office in each state as required by state licensing regulations. Our online loan origination platform now means that a qualifying customer can obtain a loan from us without having to come into an office location. We have maintained our full underwriting processes, identity verifications and fraud checks to ensure that online customers are verified to the same degree that customers were when they obtained a loan in an office. We expect our website and application portal, www.mramazingloans.com, to be a key driver of customer conversions and loan book growth.

 

The following graphs depict our monthly loan origination values from January 2013 through December 2016 and our yearly revenue for 2013 through 2016:

 

 

 

The following table sets forth the minimum, maximum and average credit score, income and age of our current borrowers as of December 31, 2016:

 

Average Borrower Demographic of Current Loan Portfolio as at December 31, 2016

 

Demographic   Minimum   Maximum   Average  
Credit Score     559     889     652  
Income   $ 24,000     750,000     64,162  
Age     23     83     45  

 

8
 

 

Customer Acquisition

 

Since launching online lending in July 2013, our marketing efforts have been focused on online customer acquisition. We saw significant increases in loan applications and inquiries as a result of search engine advertising and commenced banner advertising, remarketing and search engine optimization in 2014. We commenced online video advertising in 2015. We have also engaged numerous online lead generators who provide personal loan leads on a daily basis with a combination of cost per funded loan and cost per application expense. We are continuing to develop relationships with additional lead generation partners to drive further growth. We also supplement our online marketing efforts with traditional direct mail advertising.

 

Loan Underwriting

 

Applicants apply online providing income, employment and banking information in the pre-approval process. The pre-approval process utilizes a soft credit pull, electronic review of 60-90 day banking history and if the applicant successfully meets the minimum pre-approval criteria they are invited to proceed. Upon accepting the conditional pre-approval, the applicant authorizes a full credit report from Experian and verification of employment. Applicants are provided disclosures and privacy statements during this process.

 

Once the application has been transmitted, a full credit report is obtained and the automated preliminary underwriting is completed based on stated income and expense data obtained from the credit report. The automated preliminary underwriting includes, but is not limited to, credit score, number of credit inquiries, outstanding unpaid collections, length of credit history, length of employment, debt to income ratio and internet protocol, or “IP,” address to verify location of applicant.

 

The second step in the underwriting process for those applicants that are conditionally approved based on stated income, credit score, number of credit inquires, outstanding unpaid collections, length of credit history and length of employments, debt to income ratio, IP address, is to validate the actual income (current pay invoices and prior year W-2) and a review of the 60-90 day read-only statements from the applicant’s primary bank for satisfactory money management. During this process the pay invoices are reviewed for garnishments, hardship loans and other legal liens allowed on wages. Bank statements are transmitted electronically directly to underwriting to ensure the integrity of the information. This process allows the underwriter to review the money management of every applicant and to assess the ability to take on additional expense. It also provides the underwriter with additional debt not found on traditional credit reports such as payday loans, title loans and IRS payments that could affect the ability of the applicant to assume additional debt. If all conditions are met as it relates to money management, maximum debt to income, minimum length of employment, and satisfactory credit history the underwriter recommends final approval and request to draw documents.

 

The final step in the underwriting process is to present the completed file to the Chief Credit Officer for final approval and order to draw documents. The file is then reviewed for any exceptions to policy, compliance with the underwriting policies and to ensure the loan system is reflective of what has been presented by the underwriter. The applicant is then approved for a $5,000 or $10,000 loan based on income, ability to repay and credit strength. Rate and loan terms are fixed (fixed rate and fixed term can vary based on regulatory state maximums) as we do not utilize risk based variable pricing models eliminating the risk of discrimination and other compliance related issues.

 

The closing process is completed by contacting the applicant, communicating the lending decision and reviewing loan terms and conditions. Upon acceptance an identity check using Experian’s Precise Identity Screening is completed and if successful loan documents are emailed for electronic signature, and returned to us for final verifications, document review and funding.

 

Servicing

 

All of our loan servicing is handled in our centralized Las Vegas head office. All servicing and collection activity is conducted and documented using an industry standard loan service software system which handles and records all records and transactions of loan originations, loan servicing, collections and reporting.

 

Our primary third-party servicing arrangement is with CyberRidge, LLC, a company that licenses its consumer loan software to us. We use this software for our loan management system. We have a servicing agreement with CyberRidge, LLC which renews automatically unless either party notifies the other, at least 60 days prior to the end of the renewal term. We believe the risk of termination is low as we are a paying customer of CyberRidge, LLC and have maintained a positive working relationship since 2012. In the unlikely event that the agreement was terminated, we believe 60 days’ notice would be sufficient to find a suitable replacement with minimal disruption to our business.

 

9
 

 

Portfolio Ledger Stratification as at December 31, 2016

 

    Current Unpaid
Principal Balance
    %  
0 - 30 days   $ 6,799,362       89.61 %
31 - 60 days     257,299       3.39 %
61 - 90 days     163,590       2.16 %
91 - 120 days     210,790       2.78 %
121 - 184 days     156,308       2.06 %
Total   $ 7,587,349       100 %

 

At December 31, 2016, we also had 83 loans delinquent or in default (defined as 91+ days past due) representing 4.84% of the number of loans in our active portfolio. Loans become eligible for lender to take legal action at 60 days past due.

 

Regulation

 

Consumer loans in the United States are regulated at both the federal and state level. National oversight is provided by the Federal Trade Commission, which enforces the following credit laws that protect consumers’ rights to get, use and maintain credit:

 

  The Truth in Lending Act promotes the informed use of consumer credit, by requiring disclosures about its terms and cost to standardize the manner in which costs associated with borrowing are calculated and disclosed.
     
  The Fair Credit Reporting Act promotes the accuracy and privacy of information in the files of the nation’s credit reporting companies. If a company denies an application, under the Fair Credit Reporting Act consumers have the right to the name and address of the credit reporting company they contacted, provided the denial was based on information given by the credit reporting company.
     
  The Equal Opportunity Credit Act prohibits credit discrimination on the basis of sex, race, marital status, religion, national origin, age, or receipt of public assistance. Creditors may ask for this information (except religion) in certain situations, but they may not use it to discriminate against consumers when deciding whether to grant you credit.
     
  The Fair Credit Billing Act and Electronic Fund Transfer Act establish procedures for resolving mistakes on credit billing and electronic fund transfer account statements.
     
  The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (the “FDCPA”) applies to personal, family, and household debts. The FDCPA prohibits debt collectors from engaging in unfair, deceptive, or abusive practices while collecting these debts.

 

In addition, the CFPB, a federal oversight body organized in connection with the Dodd-Frank Act has broad authority over our business. The CFPB is a new agency which commenced operations in 2011, and there continues to be uncertainty as to how the agency’s actions or the actions of any other new agency could impact our business or that of our issuing banks. The CFPB has the authority to write regulations under federal consumer financial protection laws, such as the Truth in Lending Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and to enforce those laws against and examine financial institutions for compliance. The CFPB is authorized to prevent “unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices” through its regulatory, supervisory and enforcement authority. To assist in its enforcement, the CFPB maintains an online complaint system that allows consumers to log complaints with respect to various consumer finance products, including the loan products we facilitate. This system could inform future CFPB decisions with respect to its regulatory, enforcement or examination focus.

 

We are subject to the CFPB’s jurisdiction, including its enforcement authority, as a servicer and acquirer of consumer credit. The CFPB may request reports concerning our organization, business conduct, markets and activities. The CFPB may also conduct on-site examinations of our business on a periodic basis if the CFPB were to determine, through its complaint system, that we were engaging in activities that pose risks to consumers.

 

There continues to be uncertainty as to how the CFPB’s strategies and priorities, including in both its examination and enforcement processes, will impact our businesses and our results of operations going forward. Actions by the CFPB could result in requirements to alter or cease offering affected loan products and services, making them less attractive and restricting our ability to offer them.

 

Consumer loans are also regulated at the state level, and the regulatory requirements vary between states. We are licensed in the following states:

 

  Alabama (Consumer Credit License, No. MC 22125, which commenced on August 13, 2015)
     
  Arizona (Consumer Lender License, No. CL0918180, which commenced on May 20, 2011)
     
  California (Finance Lender License, No. 60 DBO 35873, which commenced on July 7, 2015)

 

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  Florida (Consumer Finance Company License, No. CF9900865, which commenced on August 29, 2011)
     
  Georgia (Certificate of Authority, No. 14021183, which commenced on March 4, 2014)
     
  Illinois (Consumer Installment Loan License, No. CI3095, which commenced on April 13, 2011)
     
  Kentucky (Consumer Finance License, No. CL327249, which commenced on December 17, 2015)
     
  Louisiana (License No. 1226052-980840, which was issued on October 2, 2015)
     
  Maryland (License No. 2307, which commenced on October 25, 2016)
     
  Missouri (Consumer Installment Loan License, No. ###-##-####, which commenced on April 7, 2014)
     
  Nevada (Installment Loan License, No. II22748, which commenced on June 15, 2010)
     
  New Jersey (Consumer Lender License, No. L066960, which commenced on April 24, 2014)
     
  New Mexico (Certificate of Authority, No. 5012554, which commenced on January 29, 2015)
     
  Ohio (License No. SL 400243, which commenced on December 21, 2016)
     
  Oregon (Consumer Finance License, No. 0407-001-C, which commenced on January 8, 2015)
     
  Pennsylvania (Consumer Lender License, No. 49269, which commenced on December 23, 2014)
     
  Texas (Regulated Lender License, No. 1400031843-150319, which commenced on November 14, 2014)
     
  Utah (Consumer Lender License which commenced on February 5, 2015)
     
  Virginia (Certificate of Authority, No. CIS0368, which commenced on March 5, 2014)

 

State licensing statutes impose a variety of requirements and restrictions on us, including:

 

  record-keeping requirements;
     
  restrictions on servicing practices, including limits on finance charges and fees;
     
  disclosure requirements;
     
  examination requirements;
     
  surety bond and minimum net worth requirements;
     
  financial reporting requirements;
     
  notification requirements for changes in principal officers, stock ownership or corporate control;
     
  restrictions on advertising; and
     
  review requirements for loan forms.

 

The statutes also subject us to the supervisory and examination authority of state regulators in certain cases.

 

We did not incur any costs in connection with the compliance with any federal, state, or local environmental laws.

 

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Competition

 

We operate in a highly competitive environment. Several personal consumer loan companies operate in the United States. Our competitors include:

 

  large, publicly-traded, state-licensed personal loan companies,
     
  peer-to-peer lending companies, such as Lending Club and Prosper,
     
  online personal loan companies, such as Avant,
     
  “brick and mortar” personal loan companies, including those that have implemented websites to facilitate online lending, and
     
  payday lenders, tribal lenders and other online consumer loan companies.

 

We believe we compete based on affordable repayment terms, favorable interest rates and low overhead due to on-line distribution. We believe that in the future we will face increased competition from these companies as we expand our operations. Most of the entities against which we compete, or may compete, are larger and have greater financial resources than us. No assurance can be given that increased competition will not have an adverse effect on our company.

 

Office Location

 

Our executive office, which also serves as our centralized operational headquarters and Nevada branch, is located at 6160 West Tropicana Ave, Suite E-13, Las Vegas, Nevada 89103. This facility occupies a total of approximately 2,125 square feet under a lease that expires in September 2017. Our annual rental cost for this facility is approximately $56,313, plus a proportionate share of operating expenses of approximately $12,112 annually. We believe this facility is adequate for our current and near term future needs due to our online strategy and our ability to operate 7 days a week with unrestricted hours of operation from this location.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2016, we had five full-time employees and one part-time employee. None of our employees is represented by a union. We consider our relations with our employees to be good.

 

Corporate History

 

We were organized as a Florida corporation on January 21, 1999, under the name Interact Technologies, Inc. (“Interact”). Interact was formed for the purpose of acquiring certain medical technology. On February 18, 1999, we changed our name to Fairhaven Technologies, Inc. (“Fairhaven”). Fairhaven’s business plan continued to involve the acquisition of certain medical technology. By June 1999, Fairhaven abandoned its business plan and had no operations until December 2001. On December 14, 2001, we changed our name to Ideal Accents, Inc. Ideal Accents, Inc. was engaged primarily in the business of accessorizing cars and trucks at the new vehicle dealer level. Ideal Accents, Inc. ceased operations in 2005. IEC, our wholly owned subsidiary, commenced operations in 2010 and in February 2013, we changed our name to IEG Holdings Corporation.

 

In 2005, Mr. Mathieson, our Chief Executive Officer and sole director, founded IEG in Sydney, Australia. IEG launched the Mr. Amazing Loans business in the United States via IEGC in 2010. On January 28, 2013, IEGC entered into a stock exchange agreement (the “Stock Exchange Agreement”) among IEGC, its sole stockholder, IEG, and our company. Under the terms of the Stock Exchange Agreement, we agreed to acquire a 100% interest in IEGC for 272,447 shares of our common stock after giving effect to a 1-for-6 reverse stock split (also adjusted for the 1-for-100 reverse stock split that took effect June 17, 2015 and the net 1-for-10 reverse stock split that was effective on October 27, 2016). On February 14, 2013, we filed an amendment to our articles of incorporation, as amended, with the Secretary of State of Florida which had the effect of:

 

  changing our name from Ideal Accents, Inc. to IEG Holdings Corporation,
     
  increasing the number of shares of our authorized common stock to 1,000,000,000, $0.001 par value,
     
  creating 50,000,000 shares of “blank-check” preferred stock, and
     
  effecting the Reverse Stock Split pursuant to the terms of the Stock Exchange Agreement.

 

FINRA approved the amendment to our articles of incorporation, as amended, on March 11, 2013.

 

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On March 13, 2013, we completed the acquisition of IEGC under the terms of the Stock Exchange Agreement and issued to IEG 272,447 shares of our common stock after giving effect to the Reverse Stock Split whereby we acquired a 100% interest in IEGC. The stock exchange agreement between IEGC, IEG and IEG Holdings resulted in a reverse acquisition with a public shell, with IEGC being the accounting acquirer. IEG Holdings issued 90 shares of its common stock to the stockholders of IEG (IEG transferred its ownership in IEGC to its stockholders, which is why the shares were issued to the ultimate stockholders of IEG rather than to IEG itself) for each share of IEGC, in exchange for 100% ownership interest in IEGC. We determined that IEGC was the accounting acquirer because of the following facts and circumstances:

 

  1. After consummation of the transaction, the ultimate stockholders of IEGC own 99.1% of the outstanding shares of IEG Holdings;
     
  2. The board of directors of IEG Holdings immediately after the transaction is comprised exclusively of former directors of IEGC; and
     
  3. The operations of IEG Holdings immediately after the transaction are those of IEGC.

 

After completing the Stock Exchange Agreement and terminating all Australian operations via the sale of the remaining loan book, IEG entered into voluntary liquidation on June 25, 2014. In August 2015, IEGC assigned all of its tangible and intangible assets to IEG Holdings and IEGC was dissolved.

 

On May 1, 2015, we filed articles of amendment to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, with the Secretary of State of Florida. The amendment was approved by FINRA, and became effective, on June 17, 2015. The articles of amendment effected (i) a 1-for-100 reverse stock split, and (ii) an increase in our authorized capital stock from 2,550,000,000 shares to 3,050,000,000 shares, of which 3,000,000,000 shares are common stock and 50,000,000 are preferred stock.

 

On September 10, 2015, we filed articles of amendment to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, with the Secretary of State of Florida. The articles of amendment had the effect, among other things, of adjusting the conversion ratio of the Series H preferred stock, from 1,333/100,000 (0.01333) to 2,666/100,000 (0.02666) shares of common stock for each Series H preferred share, to account for the Company’s offering to existing stockholders of the Company commenced August 3, 2015.

 

On December 1, 2015, we filed articles of amendment to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, with the Secretary of State of Florida. The articles of amendment had the effect, among other things, of adjusting the conversion ratio of the Series H preferred stock, from 2,666/100,000 (0.02666) to 5,332/100,000 (0.05332) shares of common stock for each Series H preferred share, to account for the Company’s offering to existing stockholders of the Company commenced December 1, 2015.

 

On January 8, 2016, we filed articles of amendment to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, with the Secretary of State of Florida. The articles of amendment had the effect, among other things, of adjusting the conversion ratio of the Series H preferred stock, from 5,332/100,000 (0.05332) to 0.1 shares of common stock for each Series H preferred share, to account for the Company’s offering to existing stockholders of the Company commenced January 8, 2016.

 

On March 22, 2016, we filed articles of amendment to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended. The amendment had the effect, among other things, of adjusting the conversion ratio of the Series H preferred stock from 0.1 shares to 0.2 shares of common stock for each Series H preferred share, to account for our offering to existing stockholders commenced March 16, 2016.

 

Effective April 1, 2016, we amended our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, in order to effect a 1-for-100 reverse stock split. No fractional shares were issued. Rather, we paid stockholders who would have received a fractional share an amount equal to the average closing price per share of our common stock on the OTCQB, averaged over the period of 30 consecutive calendar days ending on (and including) April 1, 2016. In addition, after the reverse stock split was effected on April 1, 2016, we amended our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, to effect (i) a 100-for-1 forward stock split, and (ii) a reduction in the number of authorized shares of common stock from 3 billion to 200 million.

 

On May 16, 2016, we filed articles of amendment to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, with the Secretary of State of Florida. The articles of amendment had the effect, among other things, of:

 

  (i) Reducing the dividend rate on our Series H preferred stock from 10% per annum to 8% per annum,
     
  (ii) Extending the date after which we may redeem the unconverted outstanding shares of Series H preferred stock from June 30, 2016 to December 31, 2016,
     
  (iii) Extending the date on which the holders of our Series H preferred stock may convert their shares into shares of our common stock from June 30, 2016 to December 31, 2016, and
     
  (iv) Removing the requirement to adjust the Series H preferred stock conversion ratio when we conduct a rights offering to our existing stockholders.

 

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On October 12, 2016, we filed articles of amendment to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, with the Secretary of State of Florida. The articles of amendment had the effect of:

 

  (i) Adjusting the conversion ratio of the Series H preferred stock, from two to 0.2 shares of common stock for each Series H preferred share, to account for Company’s reverse/forward split effective October 27, 2016, and
     
  (ii) Amending the redemption date of the Series H preferred stock from “[a]ny time after the December 31, 2016” to “[a]ny time after 6:00 p.m. Eastern time on December 31, 2016.”

 

Effective October 27, 2016, we effected a reverse stock split of our outstanding shares of common stock, at the ratio of 1-for-1,000. No fractional shares were issued. Rather, we paid stockholders who would have received a fractional share an amount equal to the average closing price per share of our common stock on the OTCQX, averaged over the period of 30 consecutive calendar days preceding the reverse stock split. Immediately following the completion of the reverse stock split, we effected a forward stock split of our common stock on a 100-for-1 share basis and a reduction of the number of authorized shares of common stock from 200,000,000 to 40,000,000.

 

Effective December 5, 2016, we increased our number of authorized shares of common stock from 40,000,000 to 300,000,000.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

We are not a party to any pending or threatened litigation.

 

Emerging Growth Company Status

 

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(a)(19) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We intend to take advantage of all of these exemptions.

 

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an “emerging growth company” can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards, and delay compliance with new or revised accounting standards until those standards are applicable to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period.

 

We could be an emerging growth company until the last day of the first fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of our first common equity offering, although circumstances could cause us to lose that status earlier if our annual revenues exceed $1.0 billion, if we issue more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt in any three-year period or if we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

The risk factors in this section describe the material risks to our business, prospects, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows, and should be considered carefully. In addition, these factors constitute our cautionary statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and could cause our actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements (as defined in such act) made in this annual report on Form 10-K. Investors should not place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. Any statements that are not historical facts and that express, or involve discussions as to, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance (often, but not always, through the use of words or phrases such as “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimated,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes” and “projects”) may be forward-looking and may involve estimates and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements.

 

Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of such factors. Further, we cannot assess the impact of each such factor on our results of operations or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

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Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

 

Our limited operating history and our failure since inception to achieve an operating profit makes our future prospects and financial performance unpredictable.

 

We commenced operations in 2010 and as a result, we have a limited operating history upon which a potential investor can evaluate our prospects and the potential value of an investment in our company. In addition, we have not made an operating profit since our incorporation. We remain subject to the risks inherently associated with new business enterprises in general and, more specifically, the risks of a new financial institution and, in particular, a new Internet-based financial institution. Our prospects are subject to the risks and uncertainties frequently encountered by companies in their early stages of development, including the risk that we will not be able to implement our business strategy. If we are unable to implement our business strategy and grow our business, our business will be materially adversely affected.

 

We may not be able to implement our plans for growth successfully, which could adversely affect our future operations.

 

Since January 2015, the amount we have loaned to borrowers (our loan book) has increased by 154% from $5,549,023 to $14,109,023 as of December 31, 2016. We expect to continue to grow our loan book and number of customers at an accelerated rate in the future. Our future success will depend in part on our continued ability to manage our growth. We may not be able to achieve our growth plans, or sustain our historical growth rates or grow at all. Various factors, such as economic conditions, regulatory and legislative considerations and competition, may also impede our ability to expand our market presence. If we are unable to grow as planned, our business and prospects could be adversely affected.

 

Our inability to manage our growth could harm our business.

 

We anticipate that our loan book and customer base will continue to grow significantly over time. To manage the expected growth of our operations and personnel, we will be required to, among other things:

 

  improve existing and implement new transaction processing, operational and financial systems, procedures and controls;
     
  maintain effective credit scoring and underwriting guidelines; and
     
  increase our employee base and train and manage this growing employee base.

 

If we are unable to manage growth effectively, our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

We may need to raise additional capital that may not be available, which could harm our business.

 

Our growth will require that we generate additional capital either through retained earnings or the issuance of additional debt or equity securities. Additional capital may not be available on terms acceptable to us, if at all. Any equity financings could result in dilution to our stockholders or reduction in the earnings available to our common stockholders. If adequate capital is not available or the terms of such capital are not attractive, we may have to curtail our growth and our business, and our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

As an online consumer loan company whose principal means of delivering personal loans is the Internet, we are subject to risks particular to that method of delivery.

 

We are predominantly an online consumer loan company and there are a number of unique factors that Internet-based loan companies face. These include concerns for the security of personal information, the absence of personal relationships between lenders and customers, the absence of loyalty to a conventional hometown branch, customers’ difficulty in understanding and assessing the substance and financial strength of an online loan company, a lack of confidence in the likelihood of success and permanence of online loan companies and many individuals’ unwillingness to trust their personal details and financial future to a relatively new technological medium such as the Internet. As a result, some potential customers may be unwilling to establish a relationship with us.

 

Conventional “brick and mortar” consumer loan companies, in growing numbers, are offering the option of Internet-based lending to their existing and prospective customers. The public may perceive conventional established loan companies as being safer, more responsive, more comfortable to deal with and more accountable as providers of their lending needs. We may not be able to offer Internet-based lending that has sufficient advantages over the Internet-based lending services and other characteristics of conventional “brick and mortar” consumer loan companies to enable us to compete successfully.

 

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We may not be able to make technological improvements as quickly as some of our competitors, which could harm our ability to compete with our competitors and adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

 

Both the Internet and the financial services industry are undergoing rapid technological changes, with frequent introductions of new technology-driven products and services. In addition to improving the ability to serve customers, the effective use of technology increases efficiency and enables financial institutions to reduce costs. Our future success will depend in part upon our ability to address the needs of our customers by using technology to provide products and services that will satisfy customer demands, as well as to create additional efficiencies in our operations. We may not be able to effectively implement new technology-driven products and services or be successful in marketing these products and services to our customers. If we are unable, for technical, legal, financial or other reasons, to adapt in a timely manner to changing market conditions, customer requirements or emerging industry standards, our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

A significant disruption in our computer systems or a cyber security breach could adversely affect our operations.

 

We rely extensively on our computer systems to manage our loan origination and other processes. Our systems are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, cyber security breaches, vandalism, severe weather conditions, catastrophic events and human error, and our disaster recovery planning cannot account for all eventualities. If our systems are damaged, fail to function properly or otherwise become unavailable, we may incur substantial costs to repair or replace them, and may experience loss of critical data and interruptions or delays in our ability to perform critical functions, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations. Any compromise of our security could also result in a violation of applicable privacy and other laws, significant legal and financial exposure, damage to our reputation, loss or misuse of the information and a loss of confidence in our security measures, which could harm our business.

 

Our ability to protect the confidential information of our borrowers and investors may be adversely affected by cyber-attacks, computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins or similar disruptions.

 

We process certain sensitive data from our borrowers and investors. While we have taken steps to protect confidential information that we receive or have access to, our security measures could be breached. Any accidental or willful security breaches or other unauthorized access to our systems could cause confidential borrower and investor information to be stolen and used for criminal purposes. Security breaches or unauthorized access to confidential information could also expose us to liability related to the loss of the information, time-consuming and expensive litigation and negative publicity. If security measures are breached because of third-party action, employee error, malfeasance or otherwise, or if design flaws in our software are exposed and exploited, our relationships with borrowers and investors could be severely damaged, and we could incur significant liability.

 

Because techniques used to sabotage or obtain unauthorized access to systems change frequently and generally are not recognized until they are launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. In addition, federal regulators and many federal and state laws and regulations require companies to notify individuals of data security breaches involving their personal data. These mandatory disclosures regarding a security breach are costly to implement and often lead to widespread negative publicity, which may cause borrowers and investors to lose confidence in the effectiveness of our data security measures. Any security breach, whether actual or perceived, would harm our reputation, we could lose borrowers and investors and our business and operations could be adversely affected.

 

Any significant disruption in service on our platform or in our computer systems, including events beyond our control, could prevent us from processing or posting payments on loans, reduce the attractiveness of our marketplace and result in a loss of borrowers or investors.

 

In the event of a system outage and physical data loss, our ability to perform our servicing obligations, process applications or make loans available would be materially and adversely affected. The satisfactory performance, reliability and availability of our technology are critical to our operations, customer service, reputation and our ability to attract new and retain existing borrowers and investors.

 

Any interruptions or delays in our service, whether as a result of third-party error, our error, natural disasters or security breaches, whether accidental or willful, could harm our relationships with our borrowers and investors and our reputation. Additionally, in the event of damage or interruption, our insurance policies may not adequately compensate us for any losses that we may incur. Our disaster recovery plan has not been tested under actual disaster conditions, and we may not have sufficient capacity to recover all data and services in the event of an outage. These factors could prevent us from processing or posting payments on the loans, damage our brand and reputation, divert our employees’ attention, reduce our revenue, subject us to liability and cause borrowers and investors to abandon our marketplace, any of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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We contract with third parties to provide services related to our online web lending and marketing, as well as systems that automate the servicing of our loan portfolios. See “—We depend on third-party service providers for our core operations including online lending and loan servicing and interruptions in or terminations of their services cold materially impair the quality of our services.” While there are material cybersecurity risks associated with these services, we require that our vendors provide industry-leading encryption, strong access control policies, Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements (SSAE) 16 audited data centers, systematic methods for testing risks and uncovering vulnerabilities, and industry compliance audits to ensure data and assets are protected. To date, we have not experienced any cyber incidents that were material, either individually or in the aggregate.

 

Our unsecured loans generally have delinquency and default rates higher than prime and secured loans, which could result in higher loan losses.

 

We are in the business of originating unsecured personal loans. As of December 31, 2016, approximately 3% of our customers are subprime borrowers, which we define as borrowers having credit scores below 600 on the credit risk scale developed by VantageScore Solutions, LLC. Unsecured personal loans and subprime loans generally have higher delinquency and default rates than secured loans and prime loans. Subprime borrowers are associated with lower collection rates and are subject to higher loss rates than prime borrowers. Subprime borrowers have historically been, and may in the future become, more likely to be affected, or more severely affected, by adverse macroeconomic conditions, particularly unemployment. If our borrowers default under an unsecured loan, we will bear a risk of loss of principal, which could adversely affect our cash flow from operations. Delinquency interrupts the flow of projected interest income from a loan, and default can ultimately lead to a loss. We attempt to manage these risks with risk-based loan pricing and appropriate management policies. However, we cannot assure you that such management policies will prevent delinquencies or defaults and, if such policies and methods are insufficient to control our delinquency and default risks and do not result in appropriate loan pricing, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations could be harmed. If aspects of our business, including the quality of our borrowers, are significantly affected by economic changes or any other conditions in the future, we cannot be certain that our policies and procedures for underwriting, processing and servicing loans will adequately adapt to such changes. If we fail to adapt to changing economic conditions or other factors, or if such changes affect our borrowers’ capacity to repay their loans, our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity could be materially adversely affected. At December 31, 2016, we had 181 loans considered past due at 31+ days past due, representing 10.39% of the number of loans in our active portfolio. At December 31, 2016, we had 83 loans delinquent or in default (defined as 91+ days past due) representing 4.84% of the number of loans in our active portfolio. Loans become eligible for a lender to take legal action at 60 days past due.

 

If our estimates of loan receivable losses are not adequate to absorb actual losses, our provision for loan receivable losses would increase, which would adversely affect our results of operations.

 

We maintain an allowance for loans receivable losses. To estimate the appropriate level of allowance for loan receivable losses, we consider known and relevant internal and external factors that affect loan receivable collectability, including the total amount of loan receivables outstanding, historical loan receivable charge-offs, our current collection patterns, and economic trends. If customer behavior changes as a result of economic conditions and if we are unable to predict how the unemployment rate, housing foreclosures, and general economic uncertainty may affect our allowance for loan receivable losses, our provision may be inadequate. Our allowance for loan receivable losses is an estimate, and if actual loan receivable losses are materially greater than our allowance for loan receivable losses, our financial position, liquidity, and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

Our risk management efforts may not be effective which could result in unforeseen losses.

 

We could incur substantial losses and our business operations could be disrupted if we are unable to effectively identify, manage, monitor, and mitigate financial risks, such as credit risk, interest rate risk, prepayment risk, liquidity risk, and other market-related risks, as well as operational risks related to our business, assets and liabilities. Our risk management policies, procedures, and techniques, including our scoring methodology, may not be sufficient to identify all of the risks we are exposed to, mitigate the risks we have identified or identify additional risks to which we may become subject in the future.

 

We face strong competition for customers and may not succeed in implementing our business strategy.

 

Our business strategy depends on our ability to remain competitive. There is strong competition for customers from personal loan companies and other types of consumer lenders, including those that use the Internet as a medium for lending or as an advertising platform. Our competitors include:

 

  large, publicly-traded, state-licensed personal loan companies such as OneMain;
     
  peer-to-peer lending companies such as LendingClub Corp. and Prosper Marketplace Inc.;
     
  online personal loan companies such as Avant;
     
  “brick and mortar” personal loan companies, including those that have implemented websites to facilitate online lending; and
     
  payday lenders, tribal lenders and other online consumer loan companies.

 

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Some of these competitors have been in business for a long time and have name recognition and an established customer base. Most of our competitors are larger and have greater financial and personnel resources. In order to compete profitably, we may need to reduce the rates we offer on loans, which may adversely affect our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations. To remain competitive, we believe we must successfully implement our business strategy. Our success depends on, among other things:

 

  having a large and increasing number of customers who use our loans for financing needs;
     
  our ability to attract, hire and retain key personnel as our business grows;
     
  our ability to secure additional capital as needed;
     
  our ability to offer products and services with fewer employees than competitors;
     
  the satisfaction of our customers with our customer service;
     
  ease of use of our websites; and
     
  our ability to provide a secure and stable technology platform for providing personal loans that provides us with reliable and effective operational, financial and information systems.

 

If we are unable to implement our business strategy, our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

We depend on third-party service providers for our core operations including online lending and loan servicing, and interruptions in or terminations of their services could materially impair the quality of our services.

 

We rely substantially upon third-party service providers for our core operations, including online web lending and marketing and vendors that provide systems that automate the servicing of our loan portfolios which allow us to increase the efficiency and accuracy of our operations. These systems include tracking and accounting of our loan portfolio as well as customer relationship management, collections, funds disbursement, security and reporting. This reliance may mean that we will not be able to resolve operational problems internally or on a timely basis, which could lead to customer dissatisfaction or long-term disruption of our operations. If these service arrangements are terminated for any reason without an immediately available substitute arrangement, our operations may be severely interrupted or delayed. If such interruption or delay were to continue for a substantial period of time, our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

 

If we lose the services of any of our key management personnel, our business could suffer.

 

Our future success significantly depends on the continued service and performance of our Chief Executive Officer, Paul Mathieson and our Chief Operating Officer, Carla Cholewinski. Competition for these employees is intense and we may not be able to attract and retain key personnel. We do not maintain any “key man” or other related insurance. The loss of the service of our Chief Executive Officer or our Chief Operating Officer, or the inability to attract additional qualified personnel as needed, could materially harm our business.

 

We have incurred, and will continue to incur, increased costs as a result of being a public reporting company.

 

In April 2015, we became a public reporting company. As a public reporting company, we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur as a non-reporting company, including costs associated with our SEC reporting requirements. We expect that the additional reporting and other obligations imposed on us under the Exchange Act, will increase our legal and financial compliance costs and the costs of our related legal, accounting and administrative activities significantly. Management estimates that compliance with the Exchange Act reporting requirements as a reporting company will cost in excess of $200,000 annually. Given our current financial resources, these additional compliance costs could have a material adverse impact on our financial position and ability to achieve profitable results. These increased costs will require us to divert money that we could otherwise use to expand our business and achieve our strategic objectives.

 

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We operate in a highly competitive market, and we cannot ensure that the competitive pressures we face will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

 

The consumer finance industry is highly competitive. Our success depends, in large part, on our ability to originate consumer loan receivables. We compete with other consumer finance companies as well as other types of financial institutions that offer similar products and services in originating loan receivables. Some of these competitors may have greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we possess. Some competitors may also have a lower cost of funds and access to funding sources that may not be available to us. While banks and credit card companies have decreased their lending to non-prime customers in recent years, there is no assurance that such lenders will not resume those lending activities. Further, because of increased regulatory pressure on payday lenders, many of those lenders are starting to make more traditional installment consumer loans in order to reduce regulatory scrutiny of their practices, which could increase competition in markets in which we operate.

 

Negative publicity could adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

Negative publicity about our industry or our company, including the quality and reliability of our marketplace, effectiveness of the credit decisioning and scoring models used in the marketplace, changes to our marketplace, our ability to effectively manage and resolve borrower and investor complaints, privacy and security practices, litigation, regulatory activity and the experience of borrowers and investors with our marketplace or services, even if inaccurate, could adversely affect our reputation and the confidence in, and the use of, our marketplace, which could harm our business and operating results. Harm to our reputation can arise from many sources, including employee misconduct, misconduct by our partners, outsourced service providers or other counterparties, failure by us or our partners to meet minimum standards of service and quality, inadequate protection of borrower and investor information and compliance failures and claims.

 

Our business is subject to extensive regulation in the jurisdictions in which we conduct our business.

 

Our operations are subject to regulation, supervision and licensing under various federal, state and local statutes, ordinances and regulations. In most states in which we operate, a consumer credit regulatory agency regulates and enforces laws relating to consumer lenders such as us. These rules and regulations generally provide for licensing as a consumer lender, limitations on the amount, duration and charges, including interest rates, for various categories of loans, requirements as to the form and content of finance contracts and other documentation, and restrictions on collection practices and creditors’ rights. In certain states, we are subject to periodic examination by state regulatory authorities. Some states in which we operate do not require special licensing or provide extensive regulation of our business.

 

We are also subject to extensive federal regulation, including the Truth in Lending Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Credit Reporting Act. These laws require us to provide certain disclosures to prospective borrowers and protect against discriminatory lending and leasing practices and unfair credit practices. The principal disclosures required under the Truth in Lending Act include the terms of repayment, the total finance charge and the annual percentage rate charged on each contract or loan. The Equal Credit Opportunity Act prohibits creditors from discriminating against credit applicants on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age or marital status. According to Regulation B promulgated under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, creditors are required to make certain disclosures regarding consumer rights and advise consumers whose credit applications are not approved of the reasons for the rejection. In addition, the credit scoring system used by us must comply with the requirements for such a system as set forth in the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and Regulation B. The Fair Credit Reporting Act requires us to provide certain information to consumers whose credit applications are not approved on the basis of a report obtained from a consumer reporting agency and to respond to consumers who inquire regarding any adverse reporting submitted by us to the consumer reporting agencies. Additionally, we are subject to the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which requires us to maintain the privacy of certain consumer data in our possession and to periodically communicate with consumers on privacy matters. We are also subject to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, which requires us, in most circumstances, to reduce the interest rate charged to customers who have subsequently joined, enlisted, been inducted or called to active military duty.

 

A material failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could result in regulatory actions, lawsuits and damage to our reputation, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

 

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) is a new federal agency formed pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), and there continues to be uncertainty as to how the agency’s actions or the actions of any other new agency could impact our business.

 

The CFPB, constituted pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, which commenced operations in 2011, has broad authority over the business in which we engage. This includes authority to write regulations under federal consumer financial protection laws, such as the Truth in Lending Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and to enforce those laws against and examine financial institutions for compliance. The CFPB is authorized to prevent “unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices” through its regulatory, supervisory and enforcement authority. To assist in its enforcement, the CFPB maintains an online complaint system that allows consumers to log complaints with respect to various consumer finance products, including the loan products we facilitate. This system could inform future CFPB decisions with respect to its regulatory, enforcement or examination focus.

 

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We are subject to the CFPB’s jurisdiction, including its enforcement authority, as a servicer and acquirer of consumer credit. The CFPB may request reports concerning our organization, business conduct, markets and activities. The CFPB may also conduct on-site examinations of our business on a periodic basis if the CFPB were to determine, through its complaint system, that we were engaging in activities that pose risks to consumers.

 

There continues to be uncertainty as to how the CFPB’s strategies and priorities, including in both its examination and enforcement processes, will impact our businesses and our results of operations going forward. Actions by the CFPB could result in requirements to alter or cease offering affected loan products and services, making them less attractive and restricting our ability to offer them.

 

Actions by the CFPB or other regulators against us or our competitors that discourage the use of the marketplace model or suggest to consumers the desirability of other loan products or services could result in reputational harm and a loss of borrowers or investors. Our compliance costs and litigation exposure could increase materially if the CFPB or other regulators enact new regulations, change regulations that were previously adopted, modify, through supervision or enforcement, past regulatory guidance, or interpret existing regulations in a manner different or stricter than have been previously interpreted.

 

If our involvement in a December 11, 2014 article published in the Examiner or any other publicity regarding our company or the Offering during the waiting period, including our December 2, 2014 press release, were held to be in violation of federal or state securities laws, we could incur monetary damages, fines or other damages that could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and prospects.

 

On December 11, 2014, information about our company was published in an article by the Examiner. Our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Mathieson, did not participate in an interview with the author of the Examiner article. Rather, the author included certain quotations from Mr. Mathieson that were contained in prior press releases by us and summarized statements previously made by Mr. Mathieson that were contained in a prior article published by the Opportunist Magazine. Prior to its publication, the author of the December 11th article provided Mr. Mathieson a copy of the article.

 

In addition, we issued a press release on December 2, 2014 in which we referenced, among other things, our intention to file a registration statement on Form S-1 and to list our securities on NASDAQ. The December 2nd press release presented certain statements about our company in isolation and did not disclose many of the related risks and uncertainties described in this Private Placement Memorandum

 

If it were determined that the December 11th article, the December 2nd press release or any of our other publicity-related activities constituted a violation of Section 5 of the Securities Act, the SEC and relevant state regulators could impose monetary fines or other sanctions as provided under relevant federal and state securities laws. Such regulators could also require us to make a rescission offer, which is an offer to repurchase securities offered in the relevant offering. This could also give rise to a private right of action to seek a rescission remedy under Section 12(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

We are unable to quantify the extent of any monetary damages that we might incur if monetary fines were imposed, rescission were required or one or more other claims were successful. As of December 31, 2016, we are not aware of any pending or threatened claims alleging violations of any federal or state securities laws. However, there can be no assurance that any such claim will not be asserted in the future or that the claimant in any such action will not prevail. The possibility that such claims may be asserted in the future will continue until the expiration of the applicable federal and state statutes of limitations, which generally vary from one to three years from the date of sale. If the payment of damages or fines is significant, it could have a material adverse effect on our cash flows, financial condition or prospects.

 

We are required to pay a prior lender interest on our net profit until 2025, which may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

We previously had a credit facility with BFG Investment Holdings, LLC (“BFG”). Effective July 15, 2015, BFG converted the credit facility from a revolving facility to a term loan. On August 21, 2015, we, through certain of our wholly owned subsidiaries, paid all principal and accrued interest under the Loan and Security Agreement, as amended (the “Loan Agreement”), among BFG and certain of our wholly owned subsidiaries. As a result, there is currently no outstanding balance under the Loan Agreement. However, the Loan Agreement continues in effect and we are subject to a net profit interest under which we are required to pay BFG 20% of the “Net Profit” of our subsidiary, IEC SPV, until 10 years from the date the loan is repaid in full. Net Profit is defined as the gross revenue less (i) interest paid on the loan, (ii) payments on any other debt incurred as a result of refinancing the loan through a third party, as provided in the Loan Agreement, (iii) any costs, fees or commissions paid on the existing credit facility, and (iv) charge-offs to bad debt resulting from consumer loans. The Net Profit arrangement can be terminated by us upon a payment of $3,000,000 to BFG. For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, we paid BFG Net Profit interest of $57,094 and $107,340, respectively, and our net income for such years was reduced by those respective amounts. In the future, if we fail to terminate the Net Profit arrangement and are required to pay BFG 20% of our Net Profit, it could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

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Risks Relating to Our Common Stock

 

Trading on the OTC Markets is volatile and sporadic, which could depress the market price of our common stock and make it difficult for our security holders to resell their common stock.

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTCQB tier of the OTC Markets. Trading in securities quoted on the OTC Markets is often thin and characterized by wide fluctuations in trading prices, due to many factors, some of which may have little to do with our operations or business prospects. This volatility could depress the market price of our common stock for reasons unrelated to operating performance. Moreover, the OTC Markets is not a stock exchange, and trading of securities on the OTC Markets is often more sporadic than the trading of securities listed on a stock exchange like NASDAQ or the New York Stock Exchange. These factors may result in investors having difficulty reselling any shares of our common stock.

 

Our common stock price is likely to be highly volatile because of several factors, including a limited public float.

 

The market price of our common stock has been volatile in the past. For example, as of March 3, 2017, our common stock has had a 52-week high sale price of $77.50 and a low sale price of $2.01. The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile in the future, as well. You may not be able to resell shares of our common stock following periods of volatility because of the market’s adverse reaction to volatility.

 

Other factors that could cause such volatility may include, among other things:

 

  actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results;
     
  the absence of securities analysts covering us and distributing research and recommendations about us;
     
  we may have a low trading volume for a number of reasons, including that a large portion of our stock is closely held;
     
  overall stock market fluctuations;
     
  announcements concerning our business or those of our competitors;
     
  actual or perceived limitations on our ability to raise capital when we require it, and to raise such capital on favorable terms;
     
  conditions or trends in the industry;
     
  litigation;
     
  changes in market valuations of other similar companies;
     
  future sales of common stock;
     
  departure of key personnel or failure to hire key personnel; and
     
  general market conditions.

 

Any of these factors could have a significant and adverse impact on the market price of our common stock. In addition, the stock market in general has at times experienced extreme volatility and rapid decline that has often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of particular companies. These broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the trading price of our common stock, regardless of our actual operating performance.

 

Because Mr. Mathieson, our Chief Executive Officer and sole director, will make all management decisions, you should only invest in IEG Holdings shares if you are comfortable entrusting Mr. Mathieson to make all decisions.

 

As sole officer and director, Mr. Mathieson will have the right to make all decisions with respect to our management. Investors will not have an opportunity to evaluate the specific projects that will be financed with future operating income. Our stockholders should be willing to entrust all aspects of our management to Mr. Mathieson.

 

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We face corporate governance risks and negative investor perceptions because we have only one officer and director and have not adopted a written policy for the review, approval or ratification of transactions with related parties or conflicted parties.

 

Mr. Mathieson is our sole officer and director. As such, he has significant control over our business direction. Additionally, because he is our sole director, there are no other board members available to second and/or approve related party transactions involving Mr. Mathieson, including the compensation Mr. Mathieson may be paid and any consulting or other agreements we may enter into with Mr. Mathieson. Additionally, there is no segregation of duties between officers because Mr. Mathieson is our sole officer, and as such, he is solely responsible for the oversight of our accounting functions. Because no other directors are approving related party transactions involving Mr. Mathieson and no other officers are approving our financial statements, investors may question the fairness of related party transactions or the accuracy of financial statements. The price of our common stock may be adversely affected and/or devalued compared to similarly sized companies with multiple officers and directors due to the investing public’s perception of limitations facing our Company due to the fact that we only have one officer and director.

 

Although Mr. Mathieson intends to enter into any related party transactions on an arms’ length basis, we do not have a written policy for the review, approval or ratification of transactions with related parties or conflicted parties. As our sole officer and director, Mr. Mathieson makes decisions such as the approval of related party transactions, Mr. Mathieson’s compensation, and oversight of the accounting function. Mr. Mathieson exercises full control over all matters that typically require board approval. Accordingly, Mr. Mathieson’s actions are not subject to the review and approval of a board of directors and, as such, the Company may be at risk for a conflict of interest arising between Mr. Mathieson’s duties in his role as Chief Executive Officer and his own personal financial and business interests in other business ventures distinct and separate from the interests of the Company. His personal interests may not coincide with the interests of the stockholders and, in the absence of the effective segregation of such duties, there is a risk of a conflict of interest.

 

Our common stock is currently, has been in the past, and may be in the future, a “penny stock” under SEC rules. It may be more difficult to resell securities classified as “penny stock.”

 

Our common stock is a “penny stock” under applicable SEC rules (generally defined as non-exchange traded stock with a per-share price below $5.00). Unless we obtain a per-share price above $5.00, these rules impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers that recommend the purchase or sale of penny stocks to persons other than those who qualify as “established customers” or “accredited investors.” For example, broker-dealers must determine the appropriateness for non-qualifying persons of investments in penny stocks. Broker-dealers must also provide, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, a standardized risk disclosure document that provides information about penny stocks and the risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, disclose the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction, furnish monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account, provide a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser, and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction.

 

Legal remedies available to an investor in “penny stocks” may include the following:

 

  If a “penny stock” is sold to the investor in violation of the requirements listed above, or other federal or states securities laws, the investor may be able to cancel the purchase and receive a refund of the investment.
     
  If a “penny stock” is sold to the investor in a fraudulent manner, the investor may be able to sue the persons and firms that committed the fraud for damages.

 

However, investors who have signed arbitration agreements may have to pursue their claims through arbitration.

 

These requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity, if any, in the secondary market for a security that becomes subject to the penny stock rules. The additional burdens imposed upon broker-dealers by such requirements may discourage broker-dealers from effecting transactions in our securities, which could severely limit the market price and liquidity of our securities. These requirements may restrict the ability of broker-dealers to sell our common stock and may affect your ability to resell our common stock.

 

Many brokerage firms will discourage or refrain from recommending investments in penny stocks. Most institutional investors will not invest in penny stocks. In addition, many individual investors will not invest in penny stocks due, among other reasons, to the increased financial risk generally associated with these investments.

 

For these reasons, penny stocks may have a limited market and, consequently, limited liquidity. We can give no assurance that our common stock will not remain classified as a “penny stock” in the future.

 

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If we fail to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting, the price of our securities may be adversely affected.

 

Our internal control over financial reporting may have weaknesses and conditions that could require correction or remediation, the disclosure of which may have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock. We are required to establish and maintain appropriate internal control over financial reporting. Failure to establish those controls, or any failure of those controls once established, could adversely affect our public disclosures regarding our business, prospects, financial condition or results of operations. In addition, management’s assessment of internal control over financial reporting may identify weaknesses and conditions that need to be addressed in our internal control over financial reporting or other matters that may raise concerns for investors. Any actual or perceived weaknesses and conditions that need to be addressed in our internal control over financial reporting or disclosure of management’s assessment of our internal control over financial reporting may have an adverse impact on the price of our common stock.

 

We are required to comply with certain provisions of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and if we fail to continue to comply, our business could be harmed and the price of our securities could decline.

 

Rules adopted by the SEC pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act require an annual assessment of internal control over financial reporting, and for certain issuers (but not us) an attestation of this assessment by the issuer’s independent registered public accounting firm. The standards that must be met for management to assess the internal control over financial reporting as effective are evolving and complex, and require significant documentation, testing, and possible remediation to meet the detailed standards. We expect to incur significant expenses and to devote resources to Section 404 compliance on an ongoing basis. It is difficult for us to predict how long it will take or costly it will be to complete the assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting for each year and to remediate any deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting. As a result, we may not be able to complete the assessment and remediation process on a timely basis. In the event that our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer determines that our internal control over financial reporting is not effective as defined under Section 404, we cannot predict how regulators will react or how the market prices of our securities will be affected; however, we believe that there is a risk that investor confidence and the market value of our securities may be negatively affected.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer has voting control, which will limit your ability to influence the outcome of important transactions, including a change in control.

 

As of December 31, 2016, Mr. Mathieson beneficially owned 6,900,000 shares of our common stock, which represents 71.03% of our outstanding common stock. As a result, Mr. Mathieson controls a majority of our voting power and therefore is able to control all matters submitted to our stockholders for approval. Mr. Mathieson may have interests that differ from yours and may vote in a way with which you disagree and which may be adverse to your interests. This concentrated voting power may have the effect of delaying, preventing or deterring a change in control of our company, could deprive our stockholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their capital stock as part of a sale of our company and might ultimately affect the market price of our common stock.

 

As a board member, Mr. Mathieson owes a fiduciary duty to our stockholders and must act in good faith and in a manner he reasonably believes to be in the best interests of our stockholders. As a stockholder, Mr. Mathieson is entitled to vote his shares in his own interest, which may not always be in the interests of our stockholders generally.

 

Shares eligible for future sale may adversely affect the market.

 

From time to time, certain of our stockholders may be eligible to sell all or some of their shares of common stock by means of ordinary brokerage transactions in the open market pursuant to Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act, subject to certain limitations. In general, pursuant to Rule 144, non-affiliate stockholders may sell freely after six months, subject only to the current public information requirement. Affiliates may sell after six months, subject to the Rule 144 volume, manner of sale (for equity securities), current public information, and notice requirements. Of the approximately 9,714,186 shares of our common stock outstanding as of December 31, 2016, approximately 2,759,986 shares are tradable without restriction. Given the limited trading of our common stock, resale of even a small number of shares of our common stock pursuant to Rule 144 or an effective registration statement may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

Provisions of our amended and restated articles of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws may delay or prevent a takeover which may not be in the best interests of our stockholders.

 

Provisions of our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, and our amended and restated bylaws may be deemed to have anti-takeover effects, which include when and by whom special meetings of our stockholders may be called, and may delay, defer or prevent a takeover attempt. In addition, certain provisions of the Florida Business Corporations Act also may be deemed to have certain anti-takeover effects which include that control of shares acquired in excess of certain specified thresholds will not possess any voting rights unless these voting rights are approved by a majority of a corporation’s disinterested stockholders. Further, our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, authorize the issuance of up to 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock with such rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by our board of directors in their sole discretion. Our board of directors may, without stockholder approval, issue series of preferred stock with dividends, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of our common stock.

 

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As an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act, we are permitted to rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements.

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act. As a result, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements. For so long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to:

 

  have an auditor report on our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;
     
  comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the consolidated financial statements (i.e., an auditor discussion and analysis);
     
  submit certain executive compensation matters to stockholder advisory votes, such as “say-on-pay” and “say-on-frequency”; and
     
  disclose certain executive compensation related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the chief executive officer’s compensation to median employee compensation.

 

In addition, Section 102 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Our consolidated financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

 

We will remain an “emerging growth company” for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our total annual gross revenues exceed $1 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, which would occur if the market value of our ordinary shares that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three year period.

 

Until such time, however, we cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and the price of our securities may be more volatile.

 

GENERAL RISK STATEMENT

 

Based on all of the foregoing, we believe it is possible for future revenue, expenses and operating results to vary significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year. As a result, quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year comparisons of operating results are not necessarily meaningful or indicative of future performance. Furthermore, we believe that it is possible that in any given quarter or fiscal year our operating results could differ from the expectations of public market analysts or investors.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

Description of Property

 

Our executive office, which also serves as our centralized operational headquarters and Nevada branch, is located at 6160 West Tropicana Ave, Suite E-13, Las Vegas, Nevada 89103. This facility occupies a total of approximately 2,125 square feet under a lease that expires in September 2017. Our annual rental cost for this facility is approximately $56,313, plus a proportionate share of operating expenses of approximately $12,112 annually. We believe this facility is adequate for our current and near term future needs due to our online strategy and our ability to operate 7 days a week with unrestricted hours of operation from this location.

 

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ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are not presently a party to any material litigation, nor to the knowledge of management is any litigation threatened against us that may materially affect us.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASE OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB tier of the OTC Markets under the symbol “IEGH.” The OTC Market is a network of security dealers who buy and sell stock. The dealers are connected by a computer network that provides information on current “bids” and “asks”, as well as volume information.

 

The following table sets forth the range of high and low closing bid quotations for our common stock for each of the periods indicated as reported by the OTC Markets. These quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions. The data in the table below presents historical information only and is not intended to predict future sale prices of our common stock. Trading in securities, such as our common stock, on the OTC Markets may be volatile and thin and characterized by wide fluctuations in trading prices. See “Risk Factors—Trading on the OTC Markets is volatile and sporadic, which could depress the market price of our common stock and make it difficult for our security holders to resell their common stock.”

 

As of June 17, 2015, we effected a 1-for-100 reverse stock split of our outstanding shares. We also completed a 1-for-100 reverse stock split and a 100-for-1 forward stock split, both effective March 28, 2016, and a net 1-for-10 reverse stock split effective October 27, 2016. All prices in the following table reflect post- split prices.

 

    High  Low
2014          
Quarter Ended March 31, 2014  $100.00   $100.00 
Quarter Ended June 30, 2014   120.00    100.00 
Quarter Ended September 30, 2014   450.00    100.00 
Quarter Ended December 31, 2014   1,000.00    100.00 
           
2015          
Quarter Ended March 31, 2015  $510.00   $387.50 
Quarter Ended June 30, 2015   550.00    250.00 
Quarter Ended September 30, 2015   275.00    80.00 
Quarter Ended December 31, 2015   100.00    74.90 
           
2016          
Quarter Ended March 31, 2016  $99.00   $49.50 
Quarter Ended June 30, 2016   65.00    17.50 
Quarter Ended September 30, 2016   24.00    16.60 
Quarter Ended December 31, 2016   7.50    2.01 

 

On March 3, 2017, the closing price per share of our common stock as quoted on the OTCQB was $4.96.

 

Dividends

 

Historically, we have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We expect to change our dividend policy in 2017, however, and intend to pay a small dividend to stockholders in May 2017 after our first quarter 2017 results are released. We expect to pay ongoing regular quarterly dividends thereafter. Payment of future dividends on our common stock, if any, will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, cash requirements and surplus, financial condition, contractual restrictions and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant. We may determine to retain future earnings, if any, for reinvestment in the development and expansion of our business.

 

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The volume of shares traded on the OTC Markets was insignificant and therefore, does not represent a reliable indication of the fair market value of these shares. We sold shares of common stock in private placements during 2014 at prices ranging from $5.00 per share to $20.00 per share, during 2015 at prices ranging from $10.00 per share to $50.00 per share and in 2016 at prices ranging from $10.00 to $50.00 per share.

 

Holders of Common Stock

 

As of March 3, 2017, there were approximately 673 record holders of our common stock. The number of record holders does not include beneficial owners of common stock whose shares are held in the names of banks, brokers, nominees or other fiduciaries.

 

We have no securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

The following is a summary of transactions by us within the past three years involving sales or our securities that were not registered under the Securities Act. Numbers of shares and exercise prices have been adjusted to reflect the 1-for-100 reverse split of the Company’s common stock effected on June 17, 2015 and the net 1-for-10 reverse split effected on October 27, 2016.

 

On March 31, 2014, the Company issued 1,000,000 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock to the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Mathieson, in consideration for $1,000,000. Also on March 31, 2014, the Company issued an aggregate of 410,000 shares of Series B convertible preferred stock to four accredited investors, for an aggregate purchase price of $410,000. In addition, on March 31, 2014, the Company issued an aggregate of 400,025 shares of Series C convertible preferred stock to five accredited investors, for an aggregate purchase price of $400,025. The Company also issued an aggregate of 173,000 shares of Series D convertible preferred stock to 14 accredited investors on March 31, 2014, for an aggregate purchase price of $173,000. All of these securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) and Section 2(a)(3), as applicable, and Regulation S under the Securities Act.

 

During the quarter ended June 30, 2014, the Company issued 611,991 shares of its common stock at a price of $5.00 per share in a private placement to existing stockholders of the Company who were accredited investors or who were not “U.S. Persons” as defined in the Securities Act. The securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) and Section 2(a)(3) or Regulation S, as applicable under the Securities Act.

 

On November 19, 2014, the Company issued an aggregate of 461,000 shares of Series E preferred stock to nine accredited investors. Also on November 19, 2014, the Company issued an aggregate of 1,400,000 shares of Series F preferred stock 24 accredited investors. All of these securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) and Section 2(a)(3), as applicable under the Securities Act.

 

During the six months ended December 31, 2014, the Company issued 303,884 shares of common stock at a price of $10.00, $15.00 and $20.00 per share in private placements to existing stockholders of the Company who were accredited investors or who were not “U.S. Persons” as defined in the Securities Act. The securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions from registration provided by Regulation D, Rule 506 and Rule 506(b) and Regulation S as promulgated by the SEC under the Securities Act.

 

Effective December 31, 2014, all holders of the then-outstanding Series B preferred stock provided notice to us of their intent to convert, pursuant to the terms of the Series B preferred stock, all of their Series B preferred shares into shares of our common stock on the basis of 0.4 shares of common stock for each share of Series B preferred stock so converted. Accordingly, on December 31, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 164,000 shares of common stock to the holders of our Series B preferred stock in exchange for all shares of their Series B preferred stock. The shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act.

 

Effective December 31, 2014, all holders of the then-outstanding Series C preferred stock provided notice to us of their intent to convert, pursuant to the terms of the Series C preferred stock, all of their Series C preferred shares into shares of our common stock on the basis of 0.2 shares of common stock for each share of Series C preferred stock so converted. Accordingly, on December 31, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 80,005 shares of common stock to the holders of our Series C preferred stock in exchange for all shares of their Series C preferred stock. The shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act.

 

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Effective December 31, 2014, all holders of the then-outstanding Series D preferred stock provided notice to us of their intent to convert, pursuant to the terms of the Series D preferred stock, all of their Series D preferred shares into shares of our common stock on the basis of 0.1333333 shares of common stock for each share of Series D preferred stock so converted. Accordingly, on December 31, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 23,067 shares of common stock to the holders of our Series D preferred stock in exchange for all shares of their Series D preferred stock. The shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act.

 

Effective December 31, 2014, all holders of the then-outstanding Series E preferred stock provided notice to us of their intent to convert, pursuant to the terms of the Series E preferred stock, all of their Series E preferred shares into shares of our common stock on the basis of 0.040 shares of common stock for each share of Series E preferred stock so converted. Accordingly, on December 31, 2014, we issued an aggregate of 18,440 shares of common stock to the holders of our Series E preferred stock in exchange for all shares of their Series E preferred stock. The shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act.

 

On June 17, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 600,000 shares of Series F convertible preferred stock to a total of 25 investors, 24 of whom resided in Australia and one of whom resided in the United Kingdom, in consideration for receipt of $1.00 per share, representing an aggregate purchase price of $600,000. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

On June 22, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 5,419,500 shares of Series G convertible preferred stock to a total of 92 investors, 90 of whom resided in Australia and two of whom resided in the United Kingdom, in consideration for receipt of $1.00 per share, representing an aggregate purchase price of $5,419,500. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

Effective June 30, 2015, 20 holders of an aggregate of 1,750,000 shares of Series F preferred stock provided notice to us of their intent to convert, pursuant to the terms of the Series F preferred stock, their Series F preferred shares into shares of our common stock on the basis of 0.03636 shares of our common stock for each share of Series F preferred stock so converted. Accordingly, on June 30, 2015, we issued an aggregate of 63,540 shares of common stock to the 20 Series F holders, 19 of whom resided in Australia and one of whom resided in the United Kingdom, in exchange for an aggregate of 1,750,000 shares of Series F preferred stock held by such Series F holders. The shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

Effective June 30, 2015, 72 holders of an aggregate of 4,459,500 shares of Series G preferred stock provided notice to us of their intent to convert, pursuant to the terms of the Series G preferred stock, their Series G preferred shares into shares of our common stock on the basis of 0.02105 shares of our common stock for each share of Series G preferred stock so converted. Accordingly, on June 30, 2015, we issued an aggregate of 93,873 shares of common stock to the 72 Series G holders, 70 of whom resided in Australia, one of whom resided in the United Kingdom and one of whom resided in Singapore, in exchange for an aggregate of 4,459,500 shares of Series G preferred stock held by such Series G holders. The shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

Also on June 30, 2015, the Company issued 250,000 shares of the Company’s Series G preferred stock to Bruce Merivale-Austin, a resident of Singapore, for a purchase price of $1.00 per share, representing an aggregate purchase price of $250,000. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemption from registration provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

On September 2, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 432,609 shares of the Company’s common stock to a total of 199 existing stockholders, 197 of whom resided in Australia and two of whom resided in the United Kingdom, in consideration for receipt of $10.00 per share, representing an aggregate purchase price of $4,326,086. The shares of common stock were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. An offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

On October 22, 2015, the Company issued 160,000 shares of Series H convertible preferred stock to a total of three investors, each of whom resided in Australia, in consideration for receipt of $1.00 per share, representing an aggregate purchase price of $160,000. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

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On December 31, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 13,438 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $50.00 per share to a total of 29 existing stockholders, each of whom resided in Australia, for receipt of an aggregate of $671,890. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. An offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

Also on December 31, 2015, all of the holders of shares of the Company’s Series F preferred stock notified the Company of their intention to convert their Series F preferred stock into Company common stock pursuant to the terms of the Series F preferred stock. The Company issued an aggregate of 33,330 shares of Company common stock to a total of five stockholders, each of whom resided in Australia, pursuant to the conversion notices. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

Following the conversions, no shares of Series F preferred stock were outstanding.

 

Also on December 31, 2015, the holders of an aggregate of 1,050,000 shares of the Company’s Series G preferred stock notified the Company of their intention to convert their Series G preferred stock into Company common stock pursuant to the terms of the Series G preferred stock. The Company issued an aggregate of 84,000 shares of Company common stock to a total of 21 stockholders, 20 of whom resided in Australia and one of whom resided in the United Kingdom, pursuant to the conversion notices. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance.

 

Following the conversions, 160,000 shares of Series G preferred stock were outstanding.

 

Also on December 31, 2015, all of the holders of the Company’s Series H preferred stock notified the Company of their intention to convert their Series H preferred stock into Company common stock pursuant to the terms of the Series H preferred stock. The Company issued an aggregate of 8,531 shares of Company common stock to a total of three stockholders, each of whom resided in Australia, pursuant to the conversion notices. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance. Following the conversions, no shares of Series H preferred stock were outstanding.

 

On January 1, 2016, pursuant to the terms of the Company’s Series G preferred stock, the Company exercised its right to redeem all of the unconverted outstanding shares of Series G preferred stock. On December 24, 2015, the Company early paid the holders of the 160,000 unconverted shares of Series G preferred stock an aggregate of $160,000. Following the redemption of the unconverted shares of Series G preferred stock, no shares of Series G preferred stock were outstanding.

 

On January 22, 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 370 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $50.00 per share to a total of two existing stockholders, each of whom resided in Australia, for receipt of an aggregate of $18,500. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. An offering circular was used in connection with this offering.

 

On March 22, 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 3,071,000 shares of the Company’s Series H preferred stock to a total of 12 existing stockholders, nine of whom resided in Australia and three of whom resided in the United Kingdom, in exchange for the receipt of $1.00 per share, representing an aggregate purchase price of $3,071,000. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance. In connection with this, the Company had a subscription receivable for $2,825,000.

 

On March 31, 2016, Paul Mathieson, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the sole holder of the Company’s Series A preferred stock notified the Company of his intention to convert all of his Series A preferred stock into Company common stock pursuant to the terms of the Series A preferred stock. The Company issued an aggregate of 6,400,000 shares of Company common stock pursuant to the conversion notice. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuance involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance. Following the conversion, no shares of Series A preferred stock were outstanding.

 

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On April 12, 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 2,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to MZ Group, its investor relations advisor. The securities issuance was exempt from registration under the Securities Act in reliance on the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) and Section 2(a)(3), as applicable under the Securities Act.

 

On May 2, 2016, Company issued an aggregate of 243,967 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $10.00 per share to a total of 98 existing stockholders, all of whom resided in Australia, for receipt of an aggregate of $2,439,673. The securities issuances were exempt from registration under the Securities Act, in reliance on an exemption provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuances involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. An offering circular was used in connection with this offering.

 

On September 6, 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 5,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to MZ Group for investor relations consulting services. The securities issuance was exempt from registration under the Securities Act, in reliance on the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) and Section 2(a)(3), as applicable under the Securities Act.

 

On September 6, 2016, Company issued an aggregate of 135,751 shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $10.00 per share to a total of 84 existing stockholders, 48 of whom resided in Australia and 36 of whom resided in United States, for an aggregate of $1,357,515. The securities issuances were registered pursuant to a registration statement on Form S-1 that was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 8, 2016.

 

On December 31, 2016, the Company issued an aggregate of 5,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to Worldwide Holdings, LLC for investor relations consulting services. The securities issuance was exempt from registration under the Securities Act, in reliance on the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) and Section 2(a)(3), as applicable under the Securities Act.

 

On December 31, 2016, pursuant to the terms of the Company’s Series H preferred stock, holders of an aggregate of 246,000 Series H preferred shares exercised their rights to convert their Series H preferred shares into 49,200 shares of the Company’s common stock. Also on December 31, 2016, following such conversions, the Company exercised its right to redeem all of the unconverted outstanding shares of Series H preferred stock and cancelled the 2,825,000 shares of Series H preferred stock for an aggregate amount of $2,825,000 which were subscribed to during 2016, but remained unpaid for. These securities were issued in reliance upon the exemptions provided by Regulation S promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The issuance involved offers and sales of securities outside the United States. The offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made by the issuer, a distributor, their affiliates or any persons acting on their behalf. No offering circular was used in connection with this issuance. Following the conversion, no shares of Series H preferred stock were outstanding. Following the redemption of the unconverted shares of Series H preferred stock, no shares of Series H preferred stock were outstanding.

 

STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

 

The following graph is not “soliciting material,” is not deemed filed with the SEC, and is not to be incorporated by reference into any of the Company’s filings under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, respectively.

 

The graph below compares the cumulative total stockholder return on an investment in our common stock, and the NYSE Financial Sector (Total Return) Index, and the NYSE Composite (Total Return) Index for the five-year period ended December 31, 2016. The graph assumes the value of an investment of $100 in the common stock of each group or entity at January 1, 2012 and the reinvestment of all dividends.

 

 

 

   1/1/2012   12/31/2012   12/31/2013   12/31/2014   12/31/2015   12/31/2016 
IEG Holdings Corporation  $100.00   41.67   $694.44   $4,513.89   $687.50   $37.50 
NYSE Composite Index   100.00    116.25    146.94    157.04    150.77    168.95 
NYSE Financial Sector Index   100.00    129.77    165.26    178.96    172.62    196.17 

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The selected financial data set forth below have been derived from the Company’s financial statements referred to under “Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules ” of this annual report on Form 10-K, and previously published historical financial statements not included in this annual report on Form 10-K. The selected financial data set forth below should be read in connection with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the Company’s financial statements, including the footnotes. Basic and diluted loss per share has been adjusted retroactively for the 1-for-100 reverse split that occurred on June 17, 2015 and for the net 1-for-10 reverse split that occurred on October 27, 2016.

 

   For the Fiscal Years Ended December 31,  
    2016    2015    2014    2013    2012 
                          
Statements of Income Data:                         
Revenues  $2,135,046   $1,835,165   $529,225   $62,949    $37,779  
Operating expenses   6,876,194    7,012,609    5,381,671    4,345,539    2,494,321 
Loss from operations   (4,741,147)   (5,177,444)   (4,852,446)   (4,282,590)   (2,456,542)
Other income (expense)  $12,278   $(520,754)  $(549,308)  $(195,385)  $(5,980)
Net loss  $4,728,869   $(5,698,198)  $(5,401,754)  $-   $- 
Dividends on preferred shares   (35,517)   (311,056)   (204,526)   (4,282,590)   (2,456,542)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders  $(4,764,386)  $(6,009,254)  $(5,606,280)  $(4,477,975)  $(2,507,522)
Net loss attributable to common stock per share, basic and diluted  $(0.60)  $(2.52)  $(4.20)  $(7.24)  $(9.20)

 

   December 31, 
   2016   2015   2014   2013   2012 
Cash  $322,441   $485,559   $433,712   $281,879   $178,601 
Current Assets  $1,710,370   $1,689,063   $1,026,758   $346,598   $400,202 
Total Assets  $6,821,947   $7,758,149   $4,929,120   $922,140   $791,196 
Current Liabilities  $1,060   $107,963   $307,156   $627,384   $1,608,111 
Long-Term Liabilities  $-   $-   $2,230,000   $2,296,212   $250,000 
Retianed Earnings  $(25,110,319)  $(20,381,450)  $(14,683,252)  $(9,281,498)  $(4,803,523)
Stockholders’ Equity  $6,820,887   $7,650,186   $2,391,964   $(2,001,456)  $(1,006,915)

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes to those financial statements that are included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K. Our discussion includes forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including those set forth under the Risk Factors, Forward-Looking Statements and Business sections in this annual report on Form 10-K. We use words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements.

 

Overview

 

We are a consumer finance company providing responsible online personal loan products to customers in 19 states via our website and online application portal. We provide unsecured loans to individuals. Our $5,000 and $10,000 online personal loans range from 19.9% to 29.9% APR and all are unsecured over a five-year term. We have a 6.5-year track record of origination, underwriting and servicing of personal loans to underbanked consumers. We leverage our experience and knowledge in the consumer finance industry to achieve a meaningful return on our investment in the loan portfolio.

 

We have the ability to finance our businesses from a diversified source of capital and funding, including financings in the capital markets. During 2016, we demonstrated the ability to attract capital markets funding for our core personal loans by completing private placements of common stock and preferred stock.

 

We operate in one business segment: Consumer Loans.

 

30

  

Results of Operations

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015

 

   Year Ended
December 31, 2016
  Year Ended
December 31, 2015
REVENUES          
Interest revenue  $2,086,976   $1,789,701 
Other revenue   48,070    45,464 
TOTAL REVENUES   2,135,046    1,835,165 
OPERATING EXPENSES          
           
Salaries and compensation   1,592,990    2,126,243 
Other operating expenses   1,561,045    1,399,157 
Consulting   1,154,465    1,013,690 
Provision for credit losses   1,865,362    1,134,518 
Advertising   373,350    950,905 
Rent   178,678    244,621 
Travel, meals and entertainment   141,686    129,351 
Depreciation and amortization   8,618    14,124 
TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES   6,876,194    7,012,609 
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS   (4,741,147)   (5,177,444)
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)          
Interest expense   -      (527,921)
Miscellaneous income (expense)   12,278    7,167 
TOTAL OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)   12,278    (520,754)
NET LOSS  $(4,728,869)  $(5,698,198)

 

Interest Revenue

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, interest revenue increased to $2,086,976, compared to $1,789,701 for the year ended December 31, 2015. This increase was due to the increased average interest-earning loan book size of consumer receivables during the period.

 

Other Revenue

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, other revenue increased to $48,070, compared to $45,464 for the year ended December 31, 2015. Other revenue consisted of decline lead revenue, late/dishonor fees, loss recovery and stock application/processing fees. The increase was attributable to an increase in loss recovery.

 

Salaries and Compensation Expenses

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, salaries and compensation expenses decreased to $1,592,990, compared to $2,126,243 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The decrease was primarily attributable to the cessation of employment for our VP Corporate Finance and zero bonus payments to our CEO in 2016.

 

Other Operating Expenses

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, other operating expenses increased to $1,561,045, compared to $1,399,157 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase was attributable to the higher legal, accounting and SEC fees associated with our multiple SEC filings in the period.

 

Consulting Fees

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, consulting fees increased to $1,154,465, compared to $1,013,690 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase was attributable to the increase in independent research and investor relations consulting costs in the period.

 

Provision for Credit Losses

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, the provision for credit losses expense increased to $1,865,362, compared to $1,134,518 for the year ended December 31, 2015. We carry a provision for credit losses which is estimated collectively based on our loan portfolio and general economic conditions. The increase in provision for credit losses from year ended December 31, 2015 was due to the increase in loans charged off during the first and last quarters of 2016.

 

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Advertising

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, advertising expenses decreased to $373,350, compared to $950,905 for the year ended December 31, 2015. This decrease is attributable to the reduction in customer acquisition costs incurred, including online advertising, direct mail, and lead generation costs.

 

Rent Expense

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, rent expense decreased to $178,678, compared to $244,621 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The decrease was due to reduced relocation costs and termination of Florida, Illinois and Arizona leases.

 

Travel, Meals and Entertainment

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, travel, meals and entertainment expenses increased to $141,686, compared to $129,351 for the year ended December 31, 2015. Travel, meals and entertainment expenses include corporate travel for meetings and investor presentations, as well as other investor related expenses. The increase was due to the significant increase in investor roadshows conducted by the CEO in the period compared to the previous period.

 

Depreciation and Amortization

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, depreciation and amortization decreased to $8,618, compared to $14,124 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The minimal movement was in line with expectations.

 

Interest Expense

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, interest expense decreased to $0, compared to $527,921 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The decrease was due to the full repayment of the BFG senior debt facility in 2015.

 

Financial Position

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

We had cash and cash equivalents of $322,441 as of December 31, 2016, compared to $485,559 as of December 31, 2015. The decrease was due to reduced equity capital raised in the period.

 

Loans Receivable

 

We had net loan receivables of $6,374,908 as of December 31, 2016, as compared to $7,124,702 as of December 31, 2015. The decrease was due to lower loan originations, higher loan receivables repaid and higher loan charge offs.

 

Other Receivables

 

We had other receivables of $84,851 as of December 31, 2016, as compared to $76,262 as of December 31, 2015. Other receivables comprised outstanding invoices for decline lead revenue due from marketing partners and accrued interest receivable on our consumer loans at December 31, 2016. The increase is primarily due to an increase in accrued interest receivable.

 

Property and Equipment

 

We had net property and equipment of $19,322 as of December 31, 2016, as compared to $28,511 as of December 31, 2015. The decrease was a direct result of recording depreciation expense for the period plus a loss of $571 on disposal of assets.

 

Security Deposits

 

We had security deposits of $7,470 as of December 31, 2016, as compared to $35,839 as of December 31, 2015. The decrease was due to primarily due to refund of security deposits upon termination of Florida, Illinois and Arizona leases.

 

Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses

 

We had accounts payable and accrued expenses of $1,060 as of December 31, 2016, compared to $96,441 as of December 31, 2015. The decrease was due to management’s decision to pay a number of December expenses in full in the current period so accrual was not required for those expenses.

 

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Deferred Rent

 

We had deferred rent of $0 as of December 31, 2016, compared to $11,522 as of December 31, 2015. The decrease was due to removal of all deferred rent via termination of Florida, Illinois and Arizona leases and 12 month renewal of Nevada lease.

 

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

In 2016 and 2015 we incurred operating expenses in excess of net revenue. However, cash flow from our existing loan receivable repayments plus net revenue exceed budgeted cash operating expenses for the next 12 months. To expand operations we will require capital infusions until operating results improve. We may not be able to obtain such capital in a timely manner and as a result may incur liquidity imbalances.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We used cash in operations of $2,777,621 during the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $3,959,568 during the year ended December 31, 2015, and this decrease is in line with expectations due to the growth of our revenue. We used net cash from investing activities of $1,115,567 during the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $4,057,025 during the year ended December 31, 2015. The decrease in cash used in investing activities is primarily due to an increase in loans receivable repaid and a decrease in loans receivable originated.

 

We were provided $3,730,070 of net cash from financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $8,068,440 during the year ended December 31, 2015. The funds were attributable to proceeds from preferred stock and common stock received and was a decrease from the corresponding period in 2015.

 

At December 31, 2016, we had cash on hand of $322,441, which when added to budgeted cash inflows from loans receivable repaid and budgeted cash inflows from revenues, is sufficient to meet our operating needs for the next 12 months.

 

On April 13, 2015, the Company secured a $200,000 working capital loan to expand from Dr. L. Prasad, an investor in the Company. On June 24, 2015, the Company repaid $230,000 which comprised $200,000 principal and a $30,000 facility fee which was recorded as interest expense.

 

On April 13, 2015, the Company secured a $100,000 working capital loan to expand from Domenic Tacca, an investor in the Company. On June 24, 2015, the Company repaid $115,000 which comprised $100,000 principal and a $15,000 facility fee which was recorded as interest expense.

 

On April 13, 2015, the Company secured a $100,000 working capital loan to expand from CT Super, an investor in the Company. On June 24, 2015, the Company repaid $115,000 which comprised $100,000 principal and a $15,000 facility fee which was recorded as interest expense.

 

The principal conditions/events that raise substantial doubt of the company’s ability to meet its obligations are i) the Company has reported recurring losses and ii) the Company has not yet generated positive net cash flows from operations. However, the Company has increased its revenue resulting from an increased average loan balance in 2016 as compared to 2015, and management has evaluated the result of their plans for the next 12 months and as a result of the plans, the Company can meet all its obligations through March 2018, which has alleviated the substantial doubt. Management’s plans include a continued reduction of advertising costs to continue reducing loan originations and related loan processing costs. There is also a significant reduction in consulting and professional fees due to minimized efforts and strategy for raising capital over the next 12 months. In addition, significant core operating costs have been cut from the Company starting in 2016 including reducing the number of employees from 12 to 6 due to increased automation of loan origination processes and reducing the number of office leases from 4 to 1 as old leases expired. In addition, the CEO’s annual base consulting fee has been reduced to $1 per annum from January 1, 2017. Should the Company need, management will continue to reduce loan originations and now plans to utilize the cash flow from loan repayments for working capital needs. This will provide sufficient cash flow through at least March 2018. However, the Company intends, over the next 12 months, to seek additional capital via unsecured notes and/or preference shares to expand operations and the Company. Subsequent to year-end, the Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program. Management has no intention to repurchase shares unless additional capital has been secured.

 

On August 21, 2015, we, through certain of our wholly owned subsidiaries, paid an aggregate of $1,676,954, representing all principal and accrued interest under the Loan and Security Agreement, as amended (the “Loan Agreement”), among BFG and certain of our wholly owned subsidiaries. As a result, there is currently no outstanding balance under the Loan Agreement. However, the Loan Agreement continues in effect and we are subject to a net profit interest under which we are required to pay BFG 20% of the “Net Profit” of its subsidiary, IEC SPV, LLC, until 10 years from the date the loan is repaid in full (August 2015). Net Profit is defined as the gross revenue less (i) interest paid on the loan, (ii) payments on any other debt incurred as a result of refinancing the loan through a third party, as provided in the Loan Agreement, (iii) any costs, fees or commissions paid on the existing credit facility, and (iv) charge-offs to bad debt resulting from consumer loans and reduced by servicing fee. The Net Profit arrangement can be terminated by us upon a payment of $3,000,000 to BFG. Net profit interest for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $57,094 and $107,340, respectively. All loans receivable of the Company were pledged as collateral at December 31, 2016 for the fulfillment of the Net Profit calculation. As of December 31, 2016, $57,094 has been paid.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of December 31, 2016, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors. The term “off-balance sheet arrangement” generally means any transaction, agreement or other contractual arrangement to which an entity unconsolidated with us is a party, under which we have any obligation arising under a guarantee contract, derivative instrument or variable interest or a retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to such entity or similar arrangement that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support for such assets.

 

Basis of Accounting

 

These consolidated financial statements include the operations of IEG Holdings Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Investment Evolution Corporation and IEC SPV, LLC (collectively, the “Company”). All inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The Company’s accounting and reporting policies are in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and conform to general practices within the consumer finance industry.

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect any possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities.

 

The principal conditions/events that raise substantial doubt of the company’s ability to meet its obligations are i) the Company has reported recurring losses and ii) the Company has not yet generated positive net cash flows from operations. However, the Company has increased its revenue resulting from an increased average loan balance in 2016 as compared to 2015, and management has evaluated the result of their plans for the next 12 months and as a result of the plans, the Company can meet all its obligations through March 2018, which has alleviated the substantial doubt. Management’s plans include a continued reduction of advertising costs to continue reducing loan originations and related loan processing costs. There is also a significant reduction in consulting and professional fees due to minimized efforts and strategy for raising capital over the next 12 months. In addition, significant core operating costs have been cut from the Company starting in 2016 including reducing the number of employees from 12 to 6 due to increased automation of loan origination processes and reducing the number of office leases from 4 to 1 as old leases expired. In addition, the CEO’s annual base consulting fee has been reduced to $1 per annum from January 1, 2017. Should the Company need, management will continue to reduce loan originations and now plans to utilize the cash flow from loan repayments for working capital needs. This will provide sufficient cash flow through at least March 2018. However, the Company intends, over the next 12 months, to seek additional capital via unsecured notes and/or preference shares to expand operations and the Company. Subsequent to year-end, the Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program. Management has no intention to repurchase shares unless additional capital has been secured.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We have identified the following policies below as critical to our business and results of operations. Our reported results are impacted by the application of the following accounting policies, certain of which require management to make subjective or complex judgments. These judgments involve making estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may significantly impact quarterly or annual results of operations. For all of these policies, management cautions that future events rarely develop exactly as expected, and the best estimates routinely require adjustment. Specific risks associated with these critical accounting policies are described in the following paragraphs.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and disclosures. Management uses its historical records and knowledge of its business in making these estimates. Accordingly, actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

34

 

Loans Receivable and Interest Income

 

The Company offers its loans at or below the prevailing statutory rates. Loans are carried at the unpaid principal amount outstanding, net of an allowance for credit losses.

 

The Company calculates interest revenue using the interest yield method. Charges for late payments are credited to income when collected.

 

Accrual of interest income on loans receivable is suspended when no payment has been received on account for 91 days or more on a contractual basis, at which time a loan is considered delinquent. Payments received on nonaccrual financing loans are first applied to the unpaid accrued interest and then principal. Loans are returned to active status and accrual of interest income is resumed when all of the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current; at which time management believes future payments are reasonably assured. At December 31, 2016, 83 loans with a total balance of $367,098 were delinquent or in default. At December 31, 2015, 80 loans with a total balance of $389,431 were delinquent or in default.

 

Allowance for Credit Losses

 

The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses due to the fact that it is probable that a portion of the loans receivable will not be collected. The allowance is estimated by management based on various factors, including specific circumstances of the individual loans, management’s knowledge of the industry, and the experience and trends of other companies in the same industry.

 

Our portfolio of loans receivable consists of a large number of relatively small, homogenous accounts. The allowance for credit losses is determined using a systematic methodology, based on a combination of historical bad debt of comparable companies and industry index. Impaired loans are considered separately and 100% charged off.

 

The allowance for credit losses is primarily based upon models that analyze specific portfolio statistics and also reflect, management’s judgment regarding overall accuracy. We take into account several factors, including the customer’s transaction history, specifically the timeliness of customer payments, the remaining contractual term of the loan, and the outstanding balance of the loan.

 

Impaired Loans

 

The Company assesses loans for impairment individually when a loan is 91 days past due. The Company defines impaired loans as bankrupt accounts and accounts that are 184 days or more past due. In accordance with the Company’s charge-off policy, once a loan is deemed uncollectible, 100% of the remaining balance is charged-off. Loans can also be charged off when deemed uncollectable due to consumer specific circumstances.

 

The Company does not accrue interest on impaired loans and any recoveries of impaired loans are recorded to the allowance for credit losses. Changes in the allowance for credit losses are recorded as operating expenses in the accompanying statement of operations.

 

Income Taxes

 

We account for income taxes using the liability method in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740 “Income Taxes”. To date, no current income tax liability has been recorded due to our accumulated net losses. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and the amounts that are reported in the income tax returns. Our net deferred income tax assets have been fully reserved by a valuation allowance due to the uncertainty of our ability to realize future taxable income and to recover our net deferred income tax assets.

 

Earnings and Loss per Share

 

The Company computes net earnings (loss) per share in accordance with ASC 260-10 that establishes standards for computing and presenting net earnings (loss) per shares. Basic earnings (loss) per share are computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed similar to basic earnings per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares, if any, had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. Basic and diluted loss per share has been adjusted retroactively for the 1-for-100 reverse split that occurred on June 17, 2015 and for the net 1-for-10 reverse split that occurred on October 27, 2016.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for receivables, accounts payable, and accrued expenses approximate fair value because of their immediate or short-term nature. The fair value of borrowings is not considered to be significantly different than its carrying amount because the stated rates for such debt reflect current market rates and conditions.

 

35

 

Recently Issued or Newly Adopted Accounting Standards

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued FASB ASU2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. FASB ASU 2014-15 changes to the disclosure of uncertainties about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. These changes require an entity’s management to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that financial statements are issued. Substantial doubt is defined as an indication that it is probable that an entity will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that financial statements are issued. If management has concluded that substantial doubt exists, then the following disclosures should be made in the financial statements: (i) principal conditions or events that raised the substantial doubt, (ii) management’s evaluation of the significance of those conditions or events in relation to the entity’s ability to meet its obligations, (iii) management’s plans that alleviated the initial substantial doubt or, if substantial doubt was not alleviated, management’s plans that are intended to at least mitigate the conditions or events that raise substantial doubt, and (iv) if the latter in (iii) is disclosed, an explicit statement that there is substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. These changes became effective for the Company for the 2016 annual period. Our adoption of these changes have no material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740). The amendments in ASU 2015-17 change the requirements for the classification of deferred taxes on the balance sheet. Currently, GAAP requires an entity to separate deferred income tax liabilities and assets into current and noncurrent amounts in a classified statement of financial position. To simplify the presentation of deferred income taxes, the amendments in this ASU require that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified statement of financial position. The pronouncement is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Adoption of these changes have no material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The update intends to enhance the reporting model for financial instruments to provide users of financial statements with more decision-useful information and addresses certain aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The new standard affects all entities that hold financial assets or owe financial liabilities. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Management is evaluating the impact of the adoption of these changes will have on the consolidated financial statements.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We do not have any financial instruments that are exposed to significant market risk. We maintain our cash and cash equivalents in bank deposits and short-term, highly liquid money market investments. A hypothetical 100-basis point increase or decrease in market interest rates would not have a material impact on the fair value of our cash equivalents securities, or our earnings on such cash equivalents.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

See Index to Financial Statements and Financial Statement Schedules appearing on pages F-1 through F-7 of this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

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ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted to the SEC under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the SEC’s rules and forms, and that information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer evaluated the effectiveness of disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2016 pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) under the Exchange Act. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be included in our periodic SEC filings is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for the preparation of our consolidated financial statements and related information. Management uses its best judgment to ensure that the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in material respects, our financial position and results of operations in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These internal controls are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the reported financial information is presented fairly, that disclosures are adequate and that the judgments inherent in the preparation of financial statements are reasonable. There are inherent limitations in the effectiveness of any system of internal controls including the possibility of human error and overriding of controls. Consequently, an effective internal control system can only provide reasonable, not absolute, assurance with respect to reporting financial information.

 

Our internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to maintaining records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect our transactions; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary for preparation of our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that the receipts and expenditures of company assets are made in accordance with our management and directors authorization; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding the prevention of or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.

 

Under the supervision of management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013 framework) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and subsequent guidance prepared by the Commission specifically for smaller public companies. Based on that evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting were effective as of December 31, 2016.

 

37
 

 

Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal controls will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Due to the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our company have been detected.

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Two of our three board members resigned effective November 2, 2016 and our audit committee was dissolved. This does not impact our control over financial reporting other than to remove an extra layer of final review above the existing extensive internal review processes. No other changes were made to our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2016 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

The following table sets forth the names, positions and ages of our directors and executive officers as of the date of this annual report on Form 10-K. Our directors are elected by our stockholders at each annual meeting and serve for one year and until their successors are elected and qualified. Officers are elected by our board of directors and their terms of office are at the discretion of our board.

 

Name   Age   Position(s)
Paul Mathieson   42   Chief Executive Officer & Director
Carla Cholewinski   63   Chief Operating Officer and Chief Credit Officer

 

Biographical information concerning our director and executive officers listed above is set forth below.

 

Paul Mathieson. Mr. Mathieson has served as the Chief Executive Officer and member of our board of directors since 2012. In 2005, Mr. Mathieson founded IEG Holdings Limited in Sydney, Australia which launched the Amazing Loans business in Australia in 2005 and the Mr. Amazing Loans business in the United States through a subsidiary in 2010. In recognition of IEG Holdings Limited’s success, Mr. Mathieson was awarded Ernst & Young’s 2007 Australian Young Entrepreneur of the Year (Eastern Region). Mr. Mathieson has over 22 years’ finance industry experience in lending, funds management, stock market research and investment banking. His career has included positions as Financial Analyst/Institutional Dealer with Daiwa Securities from 1995 to 1995, Head of Research for Hogan & Partners Stockbrokers from 1995 to 2000, and Investment Banking Associate with ING Barings from 2000 to 2001. In addition, from 2002 to 2010, Mr. Mathieson was the Founder and Managing Director of IE Portfolio Warrants, a funds management business that offered high return and leveraged structured equities products. Mr. Mathieson received a Bachelor of Commerce from Bond University, Queensland, Australia in 1994 and a Master’s Degree of Applied Finance from Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia in 2000.

 

Carla Cholewinski. Ms. Cholewinski has served as our Chief Operating Officer since 2008 and has over 40 years’ experience in the finance industry including banking, credit union management, regulatory oversight, debt securitization and underwriting. Her career has included positions as Vice President and Branch Manager at Glendale Federal Bank from 1976 to 1986, Vice President and District Sales and Lending Manager with California Federal Bank from 1986 to 1992, Mortgage Banker with First Choice Financial Services from 1992 to 1995, Corporate Vice President of Lending and Collections with WestStar Credit Union from 1995 to 1999, Chief Lending Officer for American Corp & Funding from 1999 to 2000, Chief Credit Officer for Security State Savings Bank from 2000 to 2004, and Chief Credit Officer for Fifth Street Bank from 2004 to 2008. Since 2008, Ms. Cholewinski has served as our Chief Operating Officer and Chief Credit Officer and has utilized her extensive finance, banking and regulatory experience to grow the business from initial launch to our current level of operations.

 

There are no family relationships between any of the executive officers and directors.

 

38
 

 

Director Qualifications

 

Mr. Mathieson was appointed to our board in March 2013 following the reverse merger with IEGC described in this annual report on Form 10-K. Given his role in the founding and/or operations of IEGC, we believe he remains a good fit for our current needs. Mr. Mathieson has significant operational experience in our industry and brings both a practical understanding of the industry and as well as hands-on experience in our business sector to our board and a greater understanding of certain of the challenges we face in executing our growth strategy.

 

Code of Ethics and Business Conduct

 

We have adopted a Code of Ethics and Business Conduct that applies to our board of directors, our executive officers and our employees. A copy of the Code of Ethics and Business Conduct is available on our corporate website at www.investmentevolution.com, and any amendments to the Code of Ethics and Business Conduct or any waivers of its requirement related to certain matters, will be disclosed on our website and reported to the SEC, as may be required.

 

Director Compensation

 

Mr. Mathieson does not receive any additional compensation for his services as a director.

 

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

 

We did not have a compensation committee during the year ended December 31, 2016. During the year ended December 31, 2016, Mr. Mathieson participated in deliberations of our board of directors concerning executive officer compensation. No member of our board is, or was during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, an officer, former officer or employee of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, or a person having a relationship requiring disclosure by the Company pursuant to Item 404 of Regulation S-K. No executive officer of the Company served as a member of (i) the compensation committee of another entity of which one of the executive officers of such entity served on the Company’s compensation committee or (ii) the board of directors of another entity of which one of the executive officers of such entity served on the Company’s Board, during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.

 

Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our executive officers and directors, and persons who beneficially own more than 10% of a registered class of our equity securities to file with the SEC initial statements of beneficial ownership, reports of changes in ownership and annual reports concerning their ownership of our common shares and other equity securities, on Forms 3, 4 and 5 respectively. Executive officers, directors and greater than 10% stockholders are required by the SEC regulations to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) reports they file. Based on our review of the copies of such forms received by us, or written representations that no other reports were required, and to the best of our knowledge, we believe that all of our officers, directors, and owners of 10% or more of our common stock filed all required Forms 3, 4, and 5.

 

Limitation on Liability

 

The Florida Business Corporation Act permits the indemnification of directors, employees, officers and agents of Florida corporations. Our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, and our amended and restated bylaws provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by the Florida Business Corporation Act.

 

The provisions of the Florida Business Corporation Act that authorize indemnification do not eliminate the duty of care of a director, and in appropriate circumstances equitable remedies such as injunctive or other forms of non-monetary relief will remain available under Florida law. In addition, each director will continue to be subject to liability for:

 

violations of criminal laws, unless the director had reasonable cause to believe his conduct was lawful or had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful,
   
deriving an improper personal benefit from a transaction,
   
voting for or assenting to an unlawful distribution, and
   
willful misconduct or conscious disregard for our best interests in a proceeding by or in the right of a stockholder.

 

The statute does not affect a director’s responsibilities under any other law, such as the Federal securities laws. The effect of the foregoing is to require our company to indemnify our officers and directors for any claim arising against such persons in their official capacities if such person acted in good faith and in a manner that he reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful.

 

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Insofar as the limitation of, or indemnification for, liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers, or persons controlling us pursuant to the foregoing, or otherwise, we have been advised that, in the opinion of the SEC, such limitation or indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The following table summarizes all compensation recorded by us in the past two fiscal years for each of our executive officers. For definitional purposes, these individuals are sometimes referred to as the “named executive officers.”

 

2016 SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

 

Name and Principal Position  Year   Salary
($)
   Bonus
($)
   Stock Awards ($)   Option Awards ($)   Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation ($)   Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Earnings
($)
   All Other Compensation ($)   Total
($)
 
                                     
Paul Mathieson,   2016    1,000,000    0    0    0    0    0    0    1,000,000 
Chief Executive Officer (1)   2015    1,000,000    300,000(1)   0    0    0    0    0    1,300,000 
Carla Cholewinski,   2016    230,000    13,000    0    0    0    0    0    243,000 
Chief Operating Officer and Chief Credit Officer   2015    220,000    30,000    0    0    0    0    0    250,000 

 

(1)

 

 

 

In September 2015, Mr. Mathieson purchased 22,007 shares of common stock from us for an aggregate purchase price of $220,079. The full amount of the purchase price was offset by $220,079 of his $225,000 September 2015 discretionary bonus declared by the Board to him in September 2015 (for the period January 1, 2015 to September 30, 2015) with the $4,921 balance offset against CEO advance. On December 31, 2015, Mr. Mathieson was paid $75,000 for his 2015 discretionary bonus declared by the Board to him (for the period October 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015). The material factors considered by our board in awarding the total bonus to Mr. Mathieson were the substantial expansion in the loan book and the significant increase in revenues of the business in the relevant period.

 

Employment Agreements

 

We are not currently a party to any employment agreements with any of our executive officers. However, IEG Holdings entered into a professional consulting contract with Mr. Mathieson on September 30, 2015 with an effective date as of January 1, 2015 (the “2015 Consulting Contract”). Pursuant to the terms of the 2015 Consulting Contract, Mr. Mathieson agreed to provide regulatory and management consulting services as requested by IEG Holdings, including services to be provided by IEG Holdings to Investment Evolution Corporation. The 2015 Consulting Contract has a term of one year and renews automatically for one year periods unless notice of termination is provided 30 days prior to the automatic renewal date. In exchange for Mr. Mathieson’s services, IEG Holdings agreed to pay Mr. Mathieson $1,000,000 annually and a discretionary bonus to be determined by IEG Holdings’ board of directors. Pursuant to the terms of the 2015 Consulting Contract, the IEG Holdings’ board of directors authorized a portion in the amount of $225,000 of the 2015 bonus to be paid to Mr. Mathieson on September 30, 2015 for services previously rendered by Mr. Mathieson from January 1, 2015 to September 30, 2015. In addition, the IEG Holdings’ board of directors authorized a final portion in the amount of $75,000 of the 2015 bonus to be paid to Mr. Mathieson on December 31, 2015 for services previously rendered by Mr. Mathieson from October 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015.

 

On November 2, 2016, we and Mr. Mathieson agreed to terminate, effective December 31, 2016, the 2015 Consulting Contract. Also on November 2, 2016, Investment Evolution Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“IEC”), and Mr. Mathieson entered into a professional consulting contract, effective January 1, 2017 (the “2017 Consulting Contract”). Pursuant to the terms of the 2017 Consulting Contract, Mr. Mathieson agreed to provide regulatory and management consulting services as requested by the Company and/or IEC. The 2017 Consulting Contract has a term of one year and renews automatically for one year periods unless notice of termination is provided 30 days prior to the automatic renewal date. In exchange for Mr. Mathieson’s services, the Company agreed to pay Mr. Mathieson $1.00 annually and a discretionary bonus to be determined by the Company’s board of directors.

 

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Outstanding Equity Awards at 2016 Fiscal Year-End

 

The following table provides information concerning unexercised options, stock that has not vested and equity incentive plan awards for each named executive officer outstanding as of December 31, 2016:

 

OPTION AWARDS  STOCK AWARDS 
Name  Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options (#) Exercisable   Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options (#) Unexercisable   Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Unearned Options
(#)
   Option Exercise Price
($)
   Option Expiration Date   Number of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested (#)   Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested ($)   Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights that Have Not Vested (#)   Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Market or Payout Value of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested (#) 
Paul Mathieson   0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 
Carla Cholewinski   0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

At March 3, 2017, we had 9,714,186 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding. The following table sets forth information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of March 3, 2017, and reflects:

 

  each of our executive officers,
     
  each of our directors,
     
  all of our directors and executive officers as a group, and
     
  each stockholder known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our outstanding shares of common stock.

 

Information on beneficial ownership of securities is based upon a record list of our stockholders and we have determined beneficial ownership in accordance with the rules of the SEC. We believe, based on the information furnished to us, that the persons and entities named in the table below have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of common stock that they beneficially own, subject to applicable community property laws, except as otherwise provided below.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, the business address of each person listed is in care of IEG Holdings Corporation, 6160 West Tropicana Ave., Suite E-13, Las Vegas, NV 89103.

 

Name  Position  Amount and
Nature of
Beneficial
Ownership
   Percent of
Class
 
Named Executive Officers and Directors:             
Paul Mathieson  Chief Executive Officer and Director   6,900,000    71.03%
Carla Cholewinski  Chief Operating Officer and Chief Credit Officer   2,000    * 
All executive officers and directors as a group (2 persons)      6,902,000    71.05%

 

* Less than 1%.

 

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES

 

The following description of our capital stock is based upon our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, our amended and restated bylaws and applicable provisions of law, in each case as currently in effect. This discussion does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, and our amended and restated bylaws, copies of which are filed with the SEC as exhibits to the Form 10-K.

 

41
 

 

Authorized Capital Stock

 

As of March 3, 2017, our authorized capital stock consists of (i) 300,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and (ii) 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. At March 3, 2017, we had 9,714,186 shares of common stock issued and outstanding. As of March 3, 2017, we had no shares of Series H preferred stock issued and outstanding. Effective June 17, 2015, the Series B, Series C, Series D and Series E preferred stock were cancelled. Effective January 1, 2016, the Series F and Series G preferred stock were entirely converted and/or redeemed. Effective March 31, 2016, the Series A preferred stock was entirely converted. Effective May 16, 2016, the Series A, Series F and Series G preferred stock were cancelled. Effective December 31, 2016, all shares of Series H preferred stock were converted or cancelled.

 

Common Stock

 

The holders of common stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including the election of directors. There is no right to cumulate votes in the election of directors. The holders of common stock are entitled to any dividends that may be declared by the board of directors out of funds legally available for payment of dividends subject to the prior rights of holders of preferred stock and any contractual restrictions we have against the payment of dividends on common stock. In the event of our liquidation or dissolution, holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of liabilities and the liquidation preferences of any outstanding shares of preferred stock. Holders of common stock have no preemptive rights and have no right to convert their common stock into any other securities.

 

Preferred Stock

 

The preferred stock is issuable in one or more series with such designations, voting powers, if any, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights, and such qualifications, limitations and restrictions, as are determined by resolution of our board of directors. The issuance of preferred stock may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of our company without further action by stockholders and could adversely affect the rights and powers, including voting rights, of the holders of common stock.

 

Description of Series H Preferred Stock

 

Our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, authorize 10,000,000 shares of Series H preferred stock, of which no shares are outstanding as of March 3, 2017. There are no sinking fund provisions applicable to our Series H preferred stock.

 

Ranking. The Series H preferred stock ranks pari passu with any other series of preferred stock subsequently designated by IEG Holdings and not designated as senior securities or subordinate to the Series H preferred stock.

 

Liquidation Preference. In the event of a liquidation or winding up of IEG Holdings, a holder of Series H preferred stock will be entitled to receive $1.00 per share of Series H preferred stock.

 

Dividends. The Series H preferred stock is entitled to receive 8% per annum dividends, paid quarterly.

 

Conversion. Holders of Series H preferred shares have the following rights with respect to the conversion of Series H preferred shares into shares of our common stock:

 

  On December 31, 2016 and upon notice provided by the holder to us, a holder has the right to convert, at face value per share, all or any portion of their Series H preferred shares into shares of our common stock on the basis of 0.2 shares of common stock for each share of Series H preferred stock so converted (the “Series H Conversion Ratio”). Effective December 31, 2015, holders of an aggregate of 160,000 shares of Series H preferred stock notified the Company of their intent to convert their Series H shares into shares of common stock. On December 31, 2015, the Company issued an aggregate of 8,531 shares of common stock to such Series H holders.
     
  If at any time after the date of issuance of the Series H preferred stock, in the event IEG Holdings (i) makes or issues a dividend or other distribution payable in common stock (other than with respect to the Series H preferred stock); (ii) subdivides outstanding shares of common stock into a larger number of shares; or (iii) combines outstanding shares of common stock into a smaller number of shares, the Series H Conversion Ratio shall be adjusted appropriately.
     
  Except as otherwise provided in the amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, if the common stock issuable upon the conversion of the Series H preferred stock shall be changed into the same or different number of shares of any class or classes of stock, whether by capital reorganization, reclassification or otherwise, then in each such event, the holder of each share of Series H preferred stock shall have the right thereafter to convert such share into the kind and amount of shares of stock and other securities and property receivable upon such capital reorganization, reclassification or other change by holders of the number of shares of common stock into which such shares of Series H preferred stock might have been converted immediately prior to such capital reorganization, reclassification or other change.

 

42
 

 

Voting. On all matters to come before our stockholders, holders of Series H preferred stock have that number of votes per share (rounded to the nearest whole share) equal to the product of: (a) the number of shares of Series H preferred stock held on the record date for the determination of the holders of the shares entitled to vote, or, if no record date is established, at the date such vote is taken or any written consent of stockholders is first solicited, and (b) 13/100. The holders of Series H preferred shares vote together with the holders of the outstanding shares of all other capital stock of IEG Holdings (including and any other series of preferred stock then outstanding), and not as a separate class, series or voting group.

 

Redemption and Call Rights. Any time after 6:00 p.m. Eastern time on December 31, 2016, we have the right, but not the obligation, to redeem all of the unconverted outstanding shares of Series H preferred stock by paying in cash an amount per share equal to $1.00.

 

Anti-Takeover Effects of Certain Provisions of Our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, as Amended, and Our Amended and Restated Bylaws

 

Provisions of our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, and our amended and restated bylaws could make it more difficult to acquire us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest, open market purchases, removal of incumbent directors and otherwise. These provisions, which are summarized below, are expected to discourage types of coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids and to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with us. We believe that the benefits of increased protection of our potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure us outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging takeover or acquisition proposals because negotiation of these proposals could result in an improvement of their terms.

 

Calling of Special Meetings of Stockholders. Our amended and restated bylaws provide that special meetings of the stockholders may be called only by the board of directors or by the president, and shall be called by the president or the secretary at the request in writing of record stockholders owning at least 10% of shares outstanding and entitled to vote.

 

Removal of Directors; Vacancies. Our amended and restated bylaws provide that a director may be removed from office with or without cause, at any time, by the affirmative vote of a plurality of the votes of the issued and outstanding stock entitled to vote for the election of directors, at a special meeting of the stockholders called and held for that purpose. A vacancy on the board of directors may be filled only by stockholders at such meeting, or if the stockholders fail to fill such vacancy, by a majority of the directors then in office.

 

Amendment of Bylaws. Our amended and restated bylaws provide that our board of directors may amend or repeal the amended and restated bylaws, or new bylaws may be adopted by the board of directors, at any time without stockholder approval. Allowing the board to amend our amended and restated bylaws without stockholder approval enhances board control over our bylaws.

 

Preferred Stock. Our amended and restated articles of incorporation, as amended, authorize the issuance of up to 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock with such rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by our board of directors in their sole discretion. Our board of directors may, without stockholder approval, issue series of preferred stock with dividends, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of our common stock.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The following table sets forth securities authorized for issuance under any equity compensation plans approved by our stockholders as well as any equity compensation plans not approved by our stockholders as of December 31, 2016.

 

Plan category   Number of
securities to be
issued upon
exercise of
outstanding
options,
warrants and
rights (a)
    Weighted
average exercise
price of
outstanding
options,
warrants and
rights
    Number of
securities
remaining
available for
future issuance
under equity
compensation
plans (excluding securities
reflected in
column (a))
 
Plans approved by our stockholders   -    -    - 
Plans not approved by stockholders   -    -    - 

 

43
 

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

We do not have a written policy for the review, approval or ratification of transactions with related parties or conflicted transactions. When such transactions arise, they are referred to our board of directors for its consideration.

 

IEG Holdings entered into a professional consulting contract with Mr. Mathieson on September 30, 2015 with an effective date as of January 1, 2015 (the “2015 Consulting Contract”). Pursuant to the terms of the 2015 Consulting Contract, Mr. Mathieson agreed to provide regulatory and management consulting services as requested by IEG Holdings, including services to be provided by IEG Holdings to Investment Evolution Corporation. The 2015 Consulting Contract has a term of one year and renews automatically for one year periods unless notice of termination is provided 30 days prior to the automatic renewal date. In exchange for Mr. Mathieson’s services, IEG Holdings agreed to pay Mr. Mathieson $1,000,000 annually and a discretionary bonus to be determined by IEG Holdings’ board of directors. Pursuant to the terms of the 2015 Consulting Contract, the IEG Holdings’ board of directors authorized a portion in the amount of $225,000 of the 2015 bonus to be paid to Mr. Mathieson on September 30, 2015 for services previously rendered by Mr. Mathieson from January 1, 2015 to September 30, 2015. In addition, the IEG Holdings’ board of directors authorized a final portion in the amount of $75,000 of the 2015 bonus to be paid to Mr. Mathieson on December 31, 2015 for services previously rendered by Mr. Mathieson from October 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015. Mr. Mathieson did not receive a bonus for the year ended December 31, 2016.

 

On November 2, 2016, we and Mr. Mathieson agreed to terminate, effective December 31, 2016, the 2015 Consulting Contract. Also on November 2, 2016, Investment Evolution Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“IEC”), and Mr. Mathieson entered into a professional consulting contract, effective January 1, 2017 (the “2017 Consulting Contract”). Pursuant to the terms of the 2017 Consulting Contract, Mr. Mathieson agreed to provide regulatory and management consulting services as requested by the Company and/or IEC. The 2017 Consulting Contract has a term of one year and renews automatically for one year periods unless notice of termination is provided 30 days prior to the automatic renewal date. In exchange for Mr. Mathieson’s services, the Company agreed to pay Mr. Mathieson $1.00 annually and a discretionary bonus to be determined by the Company’s board of directors.

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

Compensation to our Chief Executive Officer under the 2015 Consulting Contract totaled $1,000,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016.

 

Chief Operating Officer

 

Compensation to our Chief Operating Officer totaled $243,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016.

 

Consulting Fees

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company incurred director fees totaling $29,800 to Matthew Banks, who is a former director of IEG Holdings Corporation.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company incurred director fees totaling $29,800 to R & H Nominees Pty Ltd, which is owned by Harold Hansen, who is a former director of IEG Holdings Corporation.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company incurred consulting fees totaling $26,000 to Custom Print Consulting, who is a shareholder of IEG Holdings Corporation, and related entities. All of the $26,000 was offset as consideration for common stock subscriptions.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company incurred consulting fees totaling $26,000 to BW Equities Pty Ltd, who is a shareholder of IEG Holdings Corporation, and related entities. All of the $26,000 was offset as consideration for common stock subscriptions.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company incurred consulting fees totaling $162,500 to Worldwide Holdings LLC, who is a shareholder of IEG Holdings Corporation, and related entities. $150,000 of the $162,500 consulting fees incurred was paid, with the remaining $12,500 offset as consideration for common stock subscriptions.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company incurred consulting fees totaling $166,524 to MZHCI LLC, who is a shareholder of IEG Holdings Corporation, and related entities. $96,524 of the $166,524 consulting fees incurred was paid, with the remaining $70,000 offset as consideration for common stock subscriptions.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

The following table shows the fees that were billed for the audit and other services provided by Rose, Snyder & Jacobs LLP for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

   2016   2015 
Audit Fees  $105,250   $226,100 
Audit-Related Fees   37,000    0 
Tax Fees   14,000    11,675 
All Other Fees   0    0 
Total  $156,250   $237,775 

 

44
 

 

Audit Fees - This category includes the audit of our annual financial statements, review of financial statements included in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and services that are normally provided by the independent registered public accounting firm in connection with engagements for those fiscal years. This category also includes advice on audit and accounting matters that arose during, or as a result of, the audit or the review of interim financial statements.

 

Audit-Related Fees - This category consists of assurance and related services by the independent registered public accounting firm that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and are not reported above under “Audit Fees.” The services for the fees disclosed under this category include consultation regarding our correspondence with the SEC, other accounting consulting and other audit services.

 

Tax Fees - This category consists of professional services rendered by our independent registered public accounting firm for tax compliance and tax advice. The services for the fees disclosed under this category include tax return preparation and technical tax advice.

 

All Other Fees - This category consists of fees for other miscellaneous items.

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a)(1) Financial Statements

 

The consolidated financial statements and Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm are listed in the “Index to Financial Statements and Schedules on page F-1 and included on pages F-2 through F-7.

 

(2) Financial Statement Schedules

 

All schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulations of the SEC are either not required under the related instructions, are not applicable (and therefore have been omitted), or the required disclosures are contained in the financial statements included herein.

 

(3) Exhibits.

 

2.1 Stock Exchange Agreement among Investment Evolution Global Corporation, IEG Holdings Limited and Ideal Accents, Inc. dated as of January 28, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
3.1 Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of IEG Holdings Corporation dated February 22, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
3.2 Articles of Amendment to Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of IEG Holdings Corporation dated March 20, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
3.3 Articles of Amendment to Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of IEG Holdings Corporation dated October 27, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
3.4 Articles of Amendment to Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of IEG Holdings Corporation dated April 30, 2015 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on May 8, 2015).
   
3.5 Articles of Amendment to Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of IEG Holdings Corporation dated June 17, 2015 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on June 18, 2015).

 

45
 

 

3.6 Articles of Amendment effective September 10, 2015 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on September 15, 2015).
   
3.7 Articles of Amendment effective December 1, 2015 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on December 4, 2015).
   
3.8 Articles of Amendment effective January 8, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on January 14, 2016).
   
3.9 Articles of Amendment effective March 22, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on March 28, 2016).
   
3.10 Articles of Amendment effective April 1, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on February 23, 2016).
   
3.11 Articles of Amendment effective April 1, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on February 23, 2016).
   
3.12 Articles of Amendment effective May 16, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on May 20, 2016).
   
3.13 Articles of Amendment effective October 27, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on October 27, 2016).
   
3.14 Articles of Amendment effective October 27, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on October 27, 2016).
   
3.15 Articles of Amendment effective December 5, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on December 5, 2016).
   
3.16 Amended and Restated Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to Amendment No. 2 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on April 9, 2015).
   
4.1 Form of Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).

 

10.1 Loan and Security Agreement between IEC SPV, LLC and BFG Loan Holdings, LLC dated June 11, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
10.2 Promissory Note by IEC SPV, LLC in favor of BFG Loan Holdings, LLC dated June 11, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
10.3 Amended and Restated Promissory Note by IEC SPV, LLC in favor of BFG Loan Holdings, LLC dated as of November 12, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
10.4 First Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement between IEC SPV, LLC and BFG Loan Holdings, LLC dated November 12, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
10.5 Second Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement by and between BFG Investment Holdings, LLC, IEC SPV, LLC, Investment Evolution Global Corporation, Investment Evolution Corporation and Paul J. Mathieson dated as of June 30, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on December 12, 2014).
   
10.6 Services Agreement between CyberRidge, LLC and Investment Evolution Corporation dated as of March 28, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 to Amendment No. 2 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1 filed with the Commission on April 9, 2015).
   
10.7+ Professional Consulting Contract, dated September 30, 2015 but effective as of January 1, 2015, by and between IEG Holdings Corporation and Paul Mathieson (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on October 30, 2015).

 

46
 

 

10.8+ Professional Consulting Contract, dated September 30, 2014 but effective as of January 1, 2014, by and between Investment Evolution Global Corporation and Paul Mathieson (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 to the registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on October 30, 2015).
   
10.9 Professional Consulting Contract effective January 1, 2017 between Investment Evolution Corporation and Paul Mathieson (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the registrant’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on November 3, 2016).
   
21.1 List of Subsidiaries (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 21.1 to Amendment No. 1 to the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333- 209116) filed with the Commission on February 22, 2016).
   
23.1 Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.
   
101.INS XBRL Instance
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation

 

+ Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

 

47
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  IEG HOLDINGS CORPORATION
     
Date: March 8, 2017 By: /s/ Paul Mathieson
    Paul Mathieson
    President, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature   Title   Date
/s/ Paul Mathieson   President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Director   March 8, 2017
Paul Mathieson   (Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer)    

 

48
 

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  Page
   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-2
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 F-3
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 F-4
   
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 F-5
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 F-6
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-7

 

F-1
 

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and

Shareholders of IEG Holdings Corporation:

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of IEG Holdings Corporation and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2016. IEG Holdings Corporation’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards established by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of IEG Holdings Corporation and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2016, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

/s/ Rose, Snyder & Jacobs LLP

 

Rose, Snyder & Jacobs LLP

Encino, California

March 6, 2017

 

15821 VENTURA BOULEVARD, SUITE 490, ENCINO, CALIFORNIA 91436 PHONE: (818) 461 - 0600 ● FAX: (818) 461 - 0610

 

F-2
 

 

IEG HOLDINGS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND DECEMBER 31, 2015

 

   December 31, 2016   December 31, 2015 
ASSETS        
ASSETS          
Cash and cash equivalents  $322,441   $485,559 
Loans receivable, net, note 2   6,374,908    7,124,702 
Other receivables   84,851    76,262 
Prepaid expenses   12,955    7,276 
Property and equipment, net, note 3   19,322    28,511 
Security deposits   7,470    35,839 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $6,821,947   $7,758,149 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
LIABILITIES          
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  $1,060   $96,441 
Deferred rent   -    11,522 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES   1,060    107,963 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES, note 9          
           
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized, 0 and 1,160,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 respectively, note 6   -    1,160 
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized,9,714,186 and 2,887,428 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 respectively, note 6   2,233,182    2,165,405 
Additional paid-in capital   29,698,025    26,025,071 
Prepaid preferred share redemption   -    (160,000)
Accumulated deficit   (25,110,319)   (20,381,450)
           
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   6,820,887    7,650,186 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $6,821,947   $7,758,149 

 

See report of independent registered public accounting firm and notes to consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-3
 

 

IEG HOLDINGS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 

   2016   2015 
REVENUES        
Interest revenue  $2,086,976   $1,789,701 
Other revenue   48,070    45,464 
           
TOTAL REVENUES   2,135,046    1,835,165 
           
OPERATING EXPENSES          
Salaries and compensation   1,592,990    2,126,243 
Other operating expenses   1,561,045    1,399,157 
Consulting   1,154,465    1,013,690 
Provision for credit losses   1,865,362    1,134,518 
Advertising   373,350    950,905 
Rent   178,678    244,621 
Travel, meals and entertainment   141,686    129,351 
Depreciation and amortization   8,618    14,124 
           
TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES   6,876,194    7,012,609 
           
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS   (4,741,147)   (5,177,444)
           
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)          
Interest expense   -    (527,921)
Miscellaneous income (expense)   12,278    7,167 
           
TOTAL OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)   12,278    (520,754)
           
NET LOSS  $(4,728,869)  $(5,698,198)
           
Dividends on preferred shares   (35,517)   (311,056)
           
Net loss attributable to common stockholders   (4,764,386)   (6,009,254)
           
Net loss attributable to common stock per share, basic and diluted  $(0.60)  $(2.52)
           
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted   7,918,922    2,381,257 

 

See report of independent registered public accounting firm and notes to consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-4
 

 

IEG HOLDINGS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 

                Preferred Stock                                                                    
    Common Stock *     Series A     Series F     Series G     Series H     Additional Paid-in     Prepaid Preferred Share     Subscription     Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Redemption     Receivable     Deficit     Total  
Balance,  January 1, 2015     2,158,110     $ 2,158,111       1,000,000     $ 1,000       1,400,000     $ 1,400       -     $ -       -     $ -     $ 14,914,705     $ -     $ -     $ (14,683,252 )   $ 2,391,964  
                                                                                                                         
Issuance of shares at $10.00     432,608       4,326                                                                       4,321,760                               4,326,086  
                                                                                                                         
Issuance of Preferred Shares     -       -       -       -       600,000       600       5,669,500       5,670       160,000       160       6,423,071                       -       6,429,500  
                                                                                                                         
Issuance of shares at $50.00     13,437       134                                                                       671,756                               671,890  
                                                                                                                         
Conversion of Preferred Shares to Common Shares     283,273